HEALTH AND SAFETY
HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT
39-4409. Permit requirements for hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facilities. (1) No person shall construct, operate, or modify a hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility or site without a permit from the department. The owner or operator of the facility or site rather than the builder shall be responsible for obtaining the permit. Permits may contain such conditions necessary to protect human health and environment. The board may exempt classes or categories of hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facilities from the permit requirement if the exemption is in the public interest and consistent with RCRA requirements. The fact that a class or category of such facilities is not required to obtain a federal permit shall be persuasive evidence that an exemption is in the public interest.
(2) Interim status granted by RCRA or a permit issued by the United States environmental protection agency prior to the date that the state program is authorized by the administrator of that agency shall be adopted by the department as a state granted interim status or as a state granted permit until the department issues a new state permit. The board may adopt such rules and regulations as necessary to:
(a) Allow other facilities to qualify for interim status;
(b) Require existing interim status surface impoundments, new units, replacement of existing units and lateral expansions of existing interim status facilities to comply with all regulations which apply to new facilities; and
(c) Provide for the termination of interim status.
(3) The board shall promulgate rules and regulations establishing the terms and conditions for issuing permits to the described facilities and sites. The rules and regulations shall provide for, but not be limited to:
(a) Standards and procedures for the safe operation and maintenance of the facilities and sites;
(b) Education and training qualifications of personnel at the facilities and sites;
(c) Contractual commitment or consent to each facility or site from all holders of interests in the real property committed to that facility or site;
(d) Monetary assurances in such form and amount as are necessary for effective management, maintenance, and monitoring of the facilities and sites during and after operation;
(e) Evidence of financial responsibility for corrective action on-site and off-site;
(f) Liability insurance in such form and amount as is necessary to compensate for potential damages caused by the facilities and sites; provided, that liability insurance shall not be required in the event that liability insurance is not required by the federal regulations adopted pursuant to the RCRA;
(g) Emergency equipment and emergency response plans appropriate to the facilities and sites;
(h) Public participation in the permitting process consistent with 42 U.S.C. section 6974(b).
(4) Permits shall be issued for a period not to exceed ten (10) years or the maximum period allowed under RCRA, whichever is greater. However, permits may be reviewed at least every five (5) years and modified as necessary to take into account changes in this chapter or regulations promulgated pursuant to it and improvements in technology. Permits issued to hazardous waste facilities and sites by the department prior to the effective date of this chapter shall be reissued to conform with the provisions of this chapter and the rules and regulations promulgated under this chapter.
(5) Any permit issued after the effective date of this provision shall require corrective action to be taken on-site and off-site for all releases of hazardous waste or constituents, from any solid waste management unit at the treatment, storage, or disposal facility seeking the permit, regardless of the time when the waste was placed in such unit. Permits issued from November 8, 1985, until the effective date of this provision shall be reissued to conform with this provision.
(6) Any permit issued under this section may be revoked by the director pursuant to the provisions of section 39-4413, Idaho Code, if the permitted party fails to comply with the terms and conditions of the permit, this chapter, or the rules and regulations promulgated under this chapter.
(7) The department may issue a variance from the requirements of the rules and regulations promulgated under this section, if, in the judgment of the director, application of the requirements would cause unreasonable hardship and the granting of a variance would not be harmful to the public interest or inconsistent with RCRA requirements. A variance shall not exceed one (1) year in duration and may be renewed or extended only after the department provides public notice and an opportunity for public comment.
(8) (a) The director of the department may issue a research, development and demonstration permit for any hazardous waste treatment technology or process for which permit standards for such experimental activity have not been promulgated. Any such permit shall include such terms and conditions as will assure protection of human health and the environment. Such permits shall:
1. Provide for the construction of such facilities, as necessary, and for operation of the facility for not longer than one (1) year (unless renewed as provided below); and
2. Provide for the receipt and treatment by the facility of only those types and quantities of hazardous waste which the director deems necessary for purposes of determining the efficiency and performance capabilities of the technology or process and the effects of such technology or process on human health and the environment; and
3. Include such requirements as the director deems necessary to protect human health and the environment (including, but not limited to, requirements regarding monitoring, operation, insurance or bonding, financial responsibility, closure, and remedial action); and
4. Include such requirements as the director deems necessary regarding testing and providing of information to the director with respect to the operation of the facility.
(b) The director may apply the criteria set forth in paragraph (a) of this subsection in establishing the conditions of each permit without separate establishment of regulations implementing such criteria.
(c) For the purpose of expediting review and issuance of permits under this subsection, the director may, consistent with the protection of human health and the environment, modify or waive permit application and permit issuance requirements established in the general permit regulations except that there may be no modification or waiver of regulations regarding financial responsibility (including insurance) or of applicable public participation procedures.
(d) The director may renew a research, development and demonstration permit which has been issued pursuant to this subsection. The renewal term shall be no longer than one (1) year. A permit shall not be renewed more than three (3) times.
[39-4409, added 1983, ch. 154, sec. 1, p. 421; am. 1986, ch. 148, sec. 4, p. 419; am. 1987, ch. 102, sec. 1, p. 204; am. 1988, ch. 7, sec. 1, p. 7; am. 1988, ch. 259, sec. 2, p. 499.]