Print Friendly HOUSE BILL NO. 455 – Adult, vulnerable, abuse, report
HOUSE BILL NO. 455
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H0455........................................................by MR. SPEAKER
Requested by: Idaho Commission on Aging
VULNERABLE ADULTS - ABUSE - Amends and adds to existing law regarding
vulnerable adults alleged to be abused, neglected or exploited to provide
an exemption from public records disclosure; to provide a declaration of
policy; to provide that a person may report abuse, neglect and exploitation
of vulnerable adults to the Commission on Aging; to provide for training;
to provide that a police officer's assistance in an emergency may include a
right of entry onto private property; to provide for assistance of a police
officer in a nonemergency if consent is given; to provide for interagency
cooperation and exchange of information; and to provide for misdemeanors
01/12 House intro - 1st rdg - to printing
01/12 Rpt prt - to Health/Wel
|||| LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF IDAHO ||||
Fifty-fourth Legislature Second Regular Session - 1998
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
HOUSE BILL NO. 455
BY MR. SPEAKER
Requested by: Idaho Commission on Aging
1 AN ACT
2 RELATING TO ADULT PROTECTION SERVICES; AMENDING SECTION 9-340, IDAHO CODE, TO
3 EXEMPT FROM PUBLIC DISCLOSURE RECORDS OF INVESTIGATIONS INVOLVING VULNERA-
4 BLE ADULTS ALLEGED TO BE ABUSED, NEGLECTED OR EXPLOITED; AMENDING CHAPTER
5 53, TITLE 39, IDAHO CODE, BY THE ADDITION OF A NEW SECTION 39-5301A, IDAHO
6 CODE, TO PROVIDE A DECLARATION OF POLICY; AMENDING SECTION 39-5302, IDAHO
7 CODE, TO FURTHER DEFINE TERMS; AMENDING SECTION 39-5303, IDAHO CODE, TO
8 PROVIDE THAT A PERSON MAY REPORT ABUSE, NEGLECT AND EXPLOITATION OF VUL-
9 NERABLE ADULTS TO THE COMMISSION ON AGING, TO PROVIDE FOR TRAINING AND TO
10 MAKE A TECHNICAL CORRECTION; AMENDING SECTION 39-5304, IDAHO CODE, TO PRO-
11 VIDE REFERENCES TO CONTRACTORS AND TO ABBREVIATE REFERENCES TO THE DEPART-
12 MENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE; AMENDING SECTION 39-5305, IDAHO CODE, TO PRO-
13 VIDE REFERENCES TO CONTRACTORS, TO PROVIDE THAT A POLICE OFFICER'S ASSIS-
14 TANCE IN AN EMERGENCY MAY INCLUDE A RIGHT OF ENTRY ONTO PRIVATE PROPERTY,
15 TO PROVIDE FOR ASSISTANCE OF A POLICE OFFICER IN A NONEMERGENCY IF CONSENT
16 IS GIVEN AND TO PROVIDE REFERENCES TO THE COMMISSION; AMENDING SECTION
17 39-5306, IDAHO CODE, TO PROVIDE REFERENCES TO CONTRACTORS AND TO MAKE A
18 TECHNICAL CORRECTION; AMENDING SECTION 39-5308, IDAHO CODE, TO PROVIDE FOR
19 INTERAGENCY COOPERATION, TO PROVIDE FOR QUARTERLY COMMUNICATION WITH THE
20 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE AND TO PROVIDE FOR AN EXCHANGE OF INFOR-
21 MATION; AMENDING SECTION 39-5309, IDAHO CODE, TO PROVIDE REFERENCES TO
22 CONTRACTORS; AND AMENDING SECTION 39-5310, IDAHO CODE, TO MAKE REFERENCE
23 TO MISDEMEANORS AND PUNISHMENTS.
24 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Idaho:
25 SECTION 1. That Section 9-340, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
26 amended to read as follows:
27 9-340. RECORDS EXEMPT FROM DISCLOSURE. The following records are exempt
28 from disclosure:
29 (1) Exemption under state or federal law or court rule.
30 (a) Any public record exempt from disclosure by federal or state law or
31 federal regulations to the extent specifically provided for by such law or
33 (b) Records contained in court files of judicial proceedings, the disclo-
34 sure of which is prohibited by or under rules adopted by the Idaho supreme
35 court, but only to the extent that confidentiality is provided under such
36 rules, and any drafts or other working memoranda related to judicial
37 decision-making, provided the provisions of this subsection making records
38 exempt from disclosure shall not apply to the extent that such records or
39 information contained in those records are necessary for a background
40 check on an individual that is required by federal law regulating the sale
41 of firearms, guns or ammunition.
42 (2) Law enforcement records, investigatory records of agencies, worker's
1 (a) Investigatory records of a law enforcement agency, as defined in sec-
2 tion 9-337(5), Idaho Code, under the conditions set forth in section
3 9-335, Idaho Code.
4 (b) Juvenile records of a person maintained pursuant to chapter 5, title
5 20, Idaho Code, except that facts contained in such records shall be fur-
6 nished upon request in a manner determined by the court to persons and
7 governmental and private agencies and institutions conducting pertinent
8 research studies or having a legitimate interest in the protection, wel-
9 fare and treatment of the juvenile. If the juvenile is fourteen (14) years
10 or older and is adjudicated guilty of an offense which would be a felony
11 if committed by an adult, the name, offense of which the juvenile was
12 adjudicated and disposition of the court shall be subject to disclosure.
13 Additionally, facts contained in any records of a juvenile maintained
14 under chapter 5, title 20, Idaho Code, shall be furnished upon request to
15 any school district where the juvenile is enrolled or is seeking enroll-
17 (c) Records of the department of correction or the commission of pardons
18 and parole to the extent that disclosure thereof would interfere with the
19 secure and orderly conduct of their operations, or the rehabilitation of
20 any person in the custody of the department of correction or on parole, or
21 would substantially prejudice or prevent the carrying out of the functions
22 of the department of correction or the commission of pardons and parole if
23 the public interest in confidentiality clearly outweighs the public inter-
24 est in disclosure. Records exempt from disclosure shall include, but not
25 be limited to, those containing the names and addresses of witnesses or
26 victims or those containing information identifying victims or witnesses.
27 (d) Records of the sheriff or department of law enforcement received or
28 maintained pursuant to section 18-3302, Idaho Code, relating to an appli-
29 cant or licensee.
30 (e) Records of investigations prepared by the department of health and
31 welfare pursuant to its statutory responsibilities dealing with the pro-
32 tection of children, the rehabilitation of youth, adoptions and the com-
33 mitment of mentally ill persons.
34 (f) Records including, but not limited to, investigative reports, result-
35 ing from investigations conducted into complaints of discrimination made
36 to the Idaho human rights commission unless the public interest in allow-
37 ing inspection and copying of such records outweighs the legitimate public
38 or private interest in maintaining confidentiality of such records. A per-
39 son may inspect and copy documents from an investigative file to which he
40 or she is a named party if such documents are not otherwise prohibited
41 from disclosure by federal law or regulation or state law. The confidenti-
42 ality of this subsection will no longer apply to any record used in any
43 judicial proceeding brought by a named party to the complaint or investi-
44 gation, or by the Idaho human rights commission, relating to the complaint
45 of discrimination.
46 (g) Records containing information obtained by the manager of the Idaho
47 state insurance fund pursuant to chapter 9, title 72, Idaho Code, from or
48 on behalf of employers or employees contained in underwriting and claims
49 for benefits files.
50 (h) The worker's compensation records of the Idaho industrial commission
51 provided that the industrial commission shall make such records available:
52 (i) To the parties in any worker's compensation claim and to the
53 industrial special indemnity fund of the state of Idaho; or
54 (ii) To employers and prospective employers subject to the provi-
55 sions of the Americans with disabilities act, 42 U.S.C. 12112, or
1 other statutory limitations, who certify that the information is
2 being requested with respect to a worker to whom the employer has
3 extended an offer of employment and will be used in accordance with
4 the provisions of the Americans with disabilities act, 42 U.S.C.
5 12112, or other statutory limitations; or
6 (iii) To employers and prospective employers not subject to the pro-
7 visions of the Americans with disabilities act, 42 U.S.C. 12112, or
8 other statutory limitations, provided the employer presents a written
9 authorization from the person to whom the records pertain; or
10 (iv) To others who demonstrate that the public interest in allowing
11 inspection and copying of such records outweighs the public or pri-
12 vate interest in maintaining the confidentiality of such records, as
13 determined by a civil court of competent jurisdiction.
14 (i) Records of investigations involving vulnerable adults, as
15 defined in section 18-1505, Idaho Code, alleged to be abused, neglected or
17 (3) Privacy, personnel records, personal information, health records,
18 professional discipline.
19 (a) Except as provided in this subsection, all personnel records of a
20 current or former public official other than the public official's public
21 service or employment history, classification, pay grade and step, longev-
22 ity, gross salary and salary history, status, workplace and employing
23 agency. All other personnel information relating to a public employee or
24 applicant including, but not limited to, information regarding sex, race,
25 marital status, birth date, home address and telephone number, applica-
26 tions, testing and scoring materials, grievances, correspondence and per-
27 formance evaluations, shall not be disclosed to the public without the
28 employee's or applicant's written consent. A public official or authorized
29 representative may inspect and copy his personnel records, except for
30 material used to screen and test for employment.
31 (b) Retired employees' and retired public officials' home addresses, home
32 telephone numbers and other financial and nonfinancial membership records;
33 active and inactive member financial and membership records and mortgage
34 portfolio loan documents maintained by the public employee retirement sys-
35 tem. Financial statements prepared by retirement system staff, funding
36 agents and custodians concerning the investment of assets of the public
37 employee retirement system of Idaho are not considered confidential under
38 this chapter.
39 (c) Information and records submitted to the Idaho state lottery for the
40 performance of background investigations of employees, lottery retailers
41 and major procurement contractors; audit records of lottery retailers,
42 vendors and major procurement contractors submitted to or performed by the
43 Idaho state lottery; validation and security tests of the state lottery
44 for lottery games; business records and information submitted pursuant to
45 sections 67-7412(8) and (9) and 67-7421(8) and (9), Idaho Code, and such
46 documents and information obtained and held for the purposes of lottery
47 security and investigative action as determined by lottery rules unless
48 the public interest in disclosure substantially outweighs the private need
49 for protection from public disclosure.
50 (d) Records of a personal nature as follows:
51 (i) Records of personal debt filed with a public agency pursuant to
53 (ii) Personal bank records compiled by a public depositor for the
54 purpose of public funds transactions conducted pursuant to law;
55 (iii) Records of ownership of financial obligations and instruments
1 of a public agency, such as bonds, compiled by the public agency pur-
2 suant to law;
3 (iv) Records, with regard to the ownership of, or security interests
4 in, registered public obligations;
5 (v) Vital statistics records;
6 (vi) Except as provided in this subsection, all information provided
7 to a law enforcement agency for sex offender registration pursuant
8 to the provisions of section 18-8306, Idaho Code:
9 1. Such information shall be available upon request to a law
10 enforcement agency; and
11 2. The information provided pursuant to the provisions of sub-
12 sections (1) and (3) of section 18-8306, Idaho Code, shall be
13 provided to any person upon written request. Such written
14 request shall include the name and either date of birth or
15 address of the person for whom the information is requested.
16 (e) Information in an income or other tax return measured by items of
17 income or sales, which is gathered by a public agency for the purpose of
18 administering the tax, except such information to the extent disclosed in
19 a written decision of the tax commission pursuant to a taxpayer protest of
20 a deficiency determination by the tax commission, under the provisions of
21 section 63-3045B, Idaho Code.
22 (f) Records of a personal nature related directly or indirectly to the
23 application for and provision of statutory services rendered to persons
24 applying for public care for the elderly, indigent, or mentally or physi-
25 cally handicapped, or participation in an environmental or a public health
26 study, provided the provisions of this subsection making records exempt
27 from disclosure shall not apply to the extent that such records or infor-
28 mation contained in those records are necessary for a background check on
29 an individual that is required by federal law regulating the sale of fire-
30 arms, guns or ammunition.
31 (g) Employment security information and unemployment insurance benefit
32 information, except that all interested parties may agree to waive the
34 (h) Any personal records, other than names, business addresses and busi-
35 ness phone numbers, such as parentage, race, religion, sex, height,
36 weight, tax identification and social security numbers, financial worth or
37 medical condition submitted to any public agency pursuant to a statutory
38 requirement for licensing, certification, permit or bonding.
39 (i) Unless otherwise provided by agency rule, information obtained as
40 part of an inquiry into a person's fitness to be granted or retain a
41 license, certificate, permit, privilege, commission or position, private
42 association peer review committee records authorized in title 54, Idaho
43 Code. Any agency which has records exempt from disclosure under the pro-
44 visions of this subsection shall annually make available a statistical
45 summary of the number and types of matters considered and their disposi-
47 (j) The records, finding, determinations and decision of any prelitiga-
48 tion screening panel formed under chapter 10, title 6, Idaho Code.
49 (k) Board of professional discipline reprimands by informal admonition
50 pursuant to subsection (6)(f) of section 54-1806A, Idaho Code.
51 (l) Records of the department of health and welfare or a public health
52 district that identifies a person infected with a reportable disease.
53 (m) Records of hospital care, medical records, records of psychiatric
54 care or treatment and professional counseling records relating to an
55 individual's condition, diagnosis, care or treatment, provided the provi-
1 sions of this subsection making records exempt from disclosure shall not
2 apply to the extent that such records or information contained in those
3 records are necessary for a background check on an individual that is
4 required by federal law regulating the sale of firearms, guns or ammuni-
6 (4) Trade secrets, production records, appraisals, bids, proprietary
8 (a) Trade secrets including those contained in response to public agency
9 requests for proposal, requests for clarification, requests for informa-
10 tion and similar requests. "Trade secrets" as used in this section means
11 information, including a formula, pattern, compilation, program, com-
12 puter program, device, method, technique, process, or unpublished or in
13 progress research that:
14 (i) Derives independent economic value, actual or potential, from
15 not being generally known to, and not being readily ascertainable by
16 proper means by other persons who can obtain economic value from its
17 disclosure or use; and
18 (ii) Is the subject of efforts that are reasonable under the circum-
19 stances to maintain its secrecy.
20 (b) Production records, sale or purchase records, catch records, mortgage
21 portfolio loan documents, or similar business records of a private con-
22 cern or enterprise required by law to be submitted to or inspected by a
23 public agency. Nothing in this subsection shall limit the use which can
24 be made of such information for regulatory purposes or its admissibility
25 in any enforcement proceeding.
26 (c) Records relating to the appraisal of real property, timber or mineral
27 rights prior to its acquisition, sale or lease by a public agency.
28 (d) Any estimate prepared by a public agency that details the cost of a
29 public project until such time as disclosed or bids are opened, or upon
30 award of the contract for construction of the public project.
31 (e) Examination, operating or condition reports and all documents relat-
32 ing thereto, prepared by or supplied to any public agency responsible for
33 the regulation or supervision of financial institutions including, but not
34 limited to, banks, savings and loan associations, regulated lenders, busi-
35 ness and industrial development corporations, credit unions, and insurance
36 companies, or for the regulation or supervision of the issuance of securi-
38 (f) Records gathered by a local agency or the Idaho department of com-
39 merce, as described in chapter 47, title 67, Idaho Code, for the specific
40 purpose of assisting a person to locate, maintain, invest in, or expand
41 business operations in the state of Idaho.
42 (g) Shipping and marketing records of commodity commissions used to eval-
43 uate marketing and advertising strategies and the names and addresses of
44 growers and shippers maintained by commodity commissions.
45 (h) Financial statements and business information and reports submitted
46 by a legal entity to a port district organized under title 70, Idaho Code,
47 in connection with a business agreement, or with a development proposal or
48 with a financing application for any industrial, manufacturing, or other
49 business activity within a port district.
50 (i) Names and addresses of seed companies, seed crop growers, seed crop
51 consignees, locations of seed crop fields, variety name and acreage by
52 variety. Upon the request of the owner of the proprietary variety, this
53 information shall be released to the owner. Provided, however, that if a
54 seed crop has been identified as diseased or has been otherwise identified
55 by the Idaho department of agriculture, other state departments of agri-
1 culture, or the United States department of agriculture to represent a
2 threat to that particular seed or commercial crop industry or to individ-
3 ual growers, information as to test results, location, acreage involved
4 and disease symptoms of that particular seed crop, for that growing sea-
5 son, shall be available for public inspection and copying. This exemption
6 shall not supersede the provisions of section 22-436, Idaho Code.
7 (j) Information obtained from books, records, and accounts required in
8 chapter 47, title 22, Idaho Code, to be maintained by the Idaho canola and
9 rapeseed commission and pertaining to the individual production records of
10 canola or rapeseed growers.
11 (k) Records of any risk retention or self-insurance program prepared in
12 anticipation of litigation or for analysis of or settlement of potential
13 or actual money damage claims against a public entity and its employees or
14 against the industrial special indemnity fund except as otherwise
15 discoverable under the Idaho or federal rules of civil procedure. These
16 records shall include, but are not limited to, claims evaluations, inves-
17 tigatory records, computerized reports of losses, case reserves, internal
18 documents and correspondence relating thereto. At the time any claim is
19 concluded, only statistical data and actual amounts paid in settlement
20 shall be deemed a public record unless otherwise ordered to be sealed by a
21 court of competent jurisdiction. Provided however, nothing in this subsec-
22 tion is intended to limit the attorney client privilege or attorney work
23 product privilege otherwise available to any public agency.
24 (l) Records of laboratory test results provided by or retained by the
25 department of agriculture's quality assurance laboratory. Nothing in this
26 subsection shall limit the use which can be made, or availability of such
27 information if used, for regulatory purposes or its admissibility in any
28 enforcement proceeding.
29 (m) Reports required to be filed under chapter 13, title 62, Idaho Code,
30 identifying electrical or natural or manufactured gas consumption data for
31 an individual customer or account.
32 (n) Voluntarily prepared environmental audits, and voluntary disclosures
33 of information submitted to an environmental agency as defined in section
34 9-803, Idaho Code, which are claimed to be confidential business informa-
36 (o) Computer programs developed or purchased by or for any public agency
37 for its own use. As used in this subsection, "computer program" means a
38 series of instructions or statements which permit the functioning of a
39 computer system in a manner designed to provide storage, retrieval and
40 manipulation of data from the computer system, and any associated documen-
41 tation and source material that explain how to operate the computer pro-
42 gram. Computer program does not include:
43 (i) The original data including, but not limited to, numbers, text,
44 voice, graphics and images;
45 (ii) Analysis, compilation and other manipulated forms of the origi-
46 nal data produced by use of the program; or
47 (iii) The mathematical or statistical formulas that would be used if
48 the manipulated forms of the original data were to be produced manu-
50 (5) Archaeological, endangered species, libraries, legislative, test
51 keys, miscellaneous exemptions.
52 (a) Records, maps or other records identifying the location of archaeo-
53 logical or geophysical sites or endangered species, if not already known
54 to the general public.
55 (b) Archaeological and geologic records concerning exploratory drilling,
1 logging, mining and other excavation, when such records are required to be
2 filed by statute for the time provided by statute.
3 (c) The records of a library which, when examined alone, or when examined
4 with other public records, would reveal the identity of the library patron
5 checking out, requesting, or using an item from a library.
6 (d) The material of a library, museum or archive which has been contrib-
7 uted by a private person, to the extent of any limitation that is a condi-
8 tion of the contribution.
9 (e) Test questions, scoring keys, and other data used to administer a
10 licensing examination, employment, academic or other examination or test-
11 ing procedure before the examination is given if the examination is to be
12 used again. Records establishing procedures for and instructing persons
13 administering, grading or evaluating an examination or testing procedure
14 are included in this exemption, to the extent that disclosure would create
15 a risk that the result might be affected.
16 (f) Records consisting of draft legislation and documents specifically
17 related to such draft legislation or research requests submitted to the
18 legislative services office by a member of the Idaho legislature for the
19 purpose of placing such draft legislation into a form suitable for intro-
20 duction as official proposed legislation of the legislature of the state
21 of Idaho, unless the individual legislator having submitted or requested
22 such records or research agrees to waive the provisions of confidentiality
23 provided by this subsection.
24 (g) All papers, physical and electronic records and correspondence or
25 other supporting materials comprising the work papers in the possession of
26 the legislative services office or the director of legislative performance
27 evaluations prior to release of the related final audit and all other
28 records or materials in the possession of the legislative services office
29 or the director of legislative performance evaluations that would other-
30 wise be confidential or exempt from disclosure.
31 (h) Records that identify the method by which the Idaho state tax com-
32 mission selects tax returns for audit review.
33 SECTION 2. That Chapter 53, Title 39, Idaho Code, be, and the same is
34 hereby amended by the addition thereto of a NEW SECTION , to be
35 known and designated as Section 39-5301A, Idaho Code, and to read as follows:
36 39-5301A. DECLARATION OF POLICY. (1) It is the intent of the adult abuse,
37 neglect and exploitation act to authorize the fewest possible restrictions on
38 the exercise of personal freedom and religious beliefs consistent with a vul-
39 nerable adult's need for services and to empower vulnerable adults to protect
41 (2) The legislature recognizes that vulnerable adults sometimes experi-
42 ence difficulties managing their own affairs or are unable to protect them-
43 selves from abuse, neglect or exploitation. Often, vulnerable adults cannot
44 find others who are able or willing to provide assistance.
45 (3) The commission is directed to investigate allegations of abuse,
46 neglect, self-neglect or exploitation involving a vulnerable adult, to make
47 appropriate referrals to law enforcement, and to arrange for the provision of
48 necessary services. Further, the commission shall honor a vulnerable adult's
49 freedom of choice and right to self-determination. When it becomes necessary
50 for the commission to assist a vulnerable adult, actions shall be tempered by
51 the requirements of due process and must place the fewest possible restric-
52 tions on personal freedom. Services provided under this act are also intended
53 to provide assistance to caregiving families experiencing difficulties in
1 maintaining functionally impaired relatives in the household.
2 (4) In the process of carrying out its adult protection responsibilities,
3 the commission is directed to make effective use of multidisciplinary services
4 available through any and all public agencies, community-based organizations,
5 and informal resources.
6 SECTION 3. That Section 39-5302, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
7 amended to read as follows:
8 39-5302. DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this chapter:
9 (1) "Abuse" means the nonaccidental infliction of physical pain, injury
10 or mental injury.
11 (2) "Caretaker" means any individual or institution that is responsible
12 by relationship, contract, or court order to provide food, shelter or cloth-
13 ing, medical or other life-sustaining necessities to a vulnerable adult.
14 (3) "Commission" means the Idaho commission on aging, established pursu-
15 ant to chapter 50, title 67, Idaho Code.
16 (4) "Contractor" means an area agency on aging and its duly autho-
17 rized agents and employees providing adult protection services pursuant to a
18 contract with the commission in accordance with section 67-5011, Idaho Code.
19 The commission designates area agencies on aging pursuant to 42 U.S.C.A.
20 3025(a)(2)(A) and may establish by rule when duties or obligations under this
21 chapter may be fulfilled by an area agency on aging.
22 (5) "Department" means the Idaho department of health and welfare.
23 (6) "Emergency" means a situation an exigent
24 circumstance in which a vulnerable adult's health and safety is placed
25 in imminent danger. Imminent danger is when death or severe bodily injury
26 could reasonably be expected to occur without intervention.
27 ( 5 7 ) "Exploitation" means an action which may
28 include, but is not limited to, the misuse of a vulnerable adult's funds,
29 property, or resources by another person for profit or advantage.
30 ( 6 8 ) "Neglect" means failure of a caretaker to
31 provide food, clothing, shelter or medical care reasonably necessary to sus-
32 tain the life and health of a vulnerable adult, or the failure of a vulnerable
33 adult to provide those services for himself.
34 ( 7 9 ) "Supportive services" means
35 noninvestigatory remedial, social, legal, health, educational, mental health
36 and referral services provided to a vulnerable adult.
37 ( 8 10 ) "Vulnerable adult" means a person eigh-
38 teen (18) years of age or older who is unable to protect himself from abuse,
39 neglect or exploitation due to physical or mental impairment which affects the
40 person's judgment or behavior to the extent that he lacks sufficient under-
41 standing or capacity to make or communicate or implement decisions regarding
42 his person.
43 Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to mean a person is abused,
44 neglected, or exploited for the sole reason he is relying upon treatment by
45 spiritual means through prayer alone in accordance with the tenets and prac-
46 tices of a recognized church or religious denomination; nor shall the provi-
47 sions of this chapter be construed to require any medical care or treatment in
48 contravention of the stated or implied objection of such a person.
49 SECTION 4. That Section 39-5303, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
50 amended to read as follows:
51 39-5303. DUTY TO REPORT CASES OF ABUSE, NEGLECT OR EXPLOITATION OF VUL-
1 NERABLE ADULTS. (1) Any physician, nurse, employee of a public or private
2 health facility, or a state licensed or certified residential facility serv-
3 ing vulnerable adults, medical examiner, dentist, ombudsman for the elderly,
4 osteopath, optometrist, chiropractor, podiatrist, social worker, police offi-
5 cer, pharmacist, physical therapist, or home care worker who has reasonable
6 cause to believe that a vulnerable adult is being or has been abused,
7 neglected or exploited shall immediately report such information to the com-
8 mission. Provided however, that skilled nursing facilities defined in section
9 39-1301(b), Idaho Code, and employees of such facilities shall make reports
10 required under this chapter to the department of health and welfare
11 . Failure to report as provided under this section is a misdemeanor sub-
12 ject to punishment as provided in section 18-113, Idaho Code.
13 (2) Any person, including any officer or employee of a financial
14 institution, who has reasonable cause to believe that a vulnerable adult is
15 being abused, neglected or exploited may report such information to the com-
16 mission or its contractors.
17 (3) The commission and its contractors shall make training available to
18 officers and employees of financial institutions in identifying and reporting
19 instances of abuse, neglect or exploitation involving vulnerable adults.
20 (4) Any person who makes any report pursuant to this chapter, or
21 who testifies in any administrative or judicial proceeding arising from such
22 report, or who is authorized to provide supportive or emergency services pur-
23 suant to the provisions of this chapter, shall be immune from any civil or
24 criminal liability on account of such report, testimony or provision of
25 services provided in good faith , except that such immunity
26 shall not extend to perjury, reports made in bad faith or with malicious pur-
27 pose nor, in the case of provision of services, in the presence of gross neg-
28 ligence under the existing circumstances.
29 SECTION 5. That Section 39-5304, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
30 amended to read as follows:
31 39-5304. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS, INVESTIGATION, EMERGENCY ACCESS. (1)
32 When a report is required pursuant to this chapter, such report shall be made
33 immediately to the commission or appropriate contractor . Provided
34 however, that skilled nursing facilities defined in section 39-1301(b), Idaho
35 Code, and employees of such facilities shall make reports required under this
36 chapter to the department of health and welfare . If known, the
37 report shall contain the name and address of the vulnerable adult; the care-
38 taker; the alleged perpetrator; the nature and extent of suspected abuse,
39 neglect or exploitation; and any other information that will be of assistance
40 in the investigation.
41 (2) If the allegations in the report indicate that an emergency exists,
42 the commission or contractor must initiate an investigation imme-
43 diately, and initiate contact with the alleged vulnerable adult within twenty-
44 four (24) hours. All other investigations must be initiated within seventy-two
45 (72) hours.
46 (3) The commission's investigation shall include a determi-
47 nation of the nature, extent and cause of the abuse, neglect, or exploitation,
48 examination of evidence and consultation with persons thought to have knowl-
49 edge of the circumstances and identification, if possible, of the person
50 alleged to be responsible for the abuse, neglect or exploitation of the vul-
51 nerable adult.
52 (4) The investigation shall include an interview with the vulnerable
53 adult, if possible. The commission or contractor shall conduct
1 the interview, preferably, by means of a personal visit with the vulnerable
2 adult in the adult's dwelling. If that is not possible, the interview may
3 occur in the local office of the commission or contractor , or by
4 telephone conversation, or by any other means available to the commission
5 or contractor .
6 (5) Upon completion of an investigation, the commission or contrac-
7 tor shall prepare a written report of the investigation. The name of
8 the person making the original report or any person mentioned in the report
9 shall not be disclosed unless those persons specifically request such disclo-
10 sure or unless the disclosure is made pursuant to a request to law enforcement
11 for emergency access, a court order or hearing.
12 If the abuse, neglect, or exploitation is substantiated to have occurred
13 in a state certified or licensed facility, a copy of the findings shall be
14 sent to the licensing and certification office of the department of
15 health and welfare .
16 If the commission or contractor determines that a report is
17 unsubstantiated and that no other law has been violated, all records related
18 to the report shall be expunged no later than three (3) years following the
19 completion of the investigation.
20 SECTION 6. That Section 39-5305, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
21 amended to read as follows:
22 39-5305. INSPECTIONS -- RIGHT OF ENTRY. (1) Upon receiving information
23 that a vulnerable adult is alleged to be abused, neglected, or exploited, the
24 commission or contractor shall cause such investigation to be
25 made in accordance with the provisions of this chapter as is appropriate. In
26 making the investigation, the commission or contractor shall use
27 its own resources and may enlist the cooperation of peace officers. In an
28 emergency any authorized commission employee or contract employee
29 contractor shall enlist the cooperation of a peace officer to
30 ensure the safety of the vulnerable adult, and they shall receive the peace
31 officer's assistance. Assistance in an emergency may include entry on
32 private or public property where a vulnerable adult is allegedly subject to
33 abuse, neglect or exploitation, and the removal and transportation of the vul-
34 nerable adult to a medical facility, care-providing facility, or other appro-
35 priate and safe environment.
36 (2) In a nonemergency, any peace officer may cooperate with an
37 authorized commission employee or contractor in ensuring the safety of a vul-
38 nerable adult who has been abused, neglected or exploited, including a vulner-
39 able adult living in a condition of self-neglect. Assistance shall only be
40 provided with the consent of the vulnerable adult or his legal representative.
41 (3) For the purposes of implementing or enforcing any provision of
42 this chapter or any rule authorized under the provisions of this chapter, any
43 duly authorized state commission employee or
44 representative contractor may, upon presentation of appro-
45 priate credentials at any reasonable time, with consent or in an emergency,
46 enter upon any private or public property where a vulnerable adult allegedly
47 is subject to abuse, neglect, or exploitation.
48 ( 3 4 ) All inspections and searches conducted
49 under the provisions of this chapter shall be performed in conformity with the
50 prohibitions against unreasonable searches and seizures contained in the
51 fourth amendment to the constitution of the United States and article I, sec-
52 tion 17, of the constitution of the state of Idaho. The state shall not, under
53 the authority granted in this chapter, conduct warrantless administrative
1 searches of private property except with consent, or in an emergency.
2 ( 4 5 ) If consent to entry is not given, a com-
3 mission representative employee or contractor with
4 the assistance of the county prosecutor may obtain, and any magistrate or dis-
5 trict judge is authorized to issue a search warrant upon showing that probable
6 cause exists to believe a vulnerable adult is subject to abuse, neglect or
7 exploitation. Upon request of a commission representative
8 employee or contractor , a peace officer shall serve the search warrant.
9 SECTION 7. That Section 39-5306, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
10 amended to read as follows:
11 39-5306. SUPPORTIVE SERVICES AND DISCLOSURE. (1) If there is substanti-
12 ated abuse, neglect, or exploitation of a vulnerable adult, the commission
13 or contractor has the responsibility to assist the adult in
14 obtaining available services.
15 (2) If the commission or contractor develops a plan of sup-
16 portive services for the vulnerable adult, the plan shall provide for appro-
17 priate supportive services available to the vulnerable adult that are least
18 restrictive for the to personal freedom and shall
19 provide encouragement for client self-determination and continuity of care.
20 (3) If the vulnerable adult does not consent to the receipt of reasonable
21 and necessary supportive services, or if the vulnerable adult withdraws con-
22 sent, services shall not be provided or continued.
23 (4) If the commission or contractor determines that a vul-
24 nerable adult is an incapacitated person, as defined in section 15-5-101(a),
25 Idaho Code, mentally ill as defined in section 66-317, Idaho Code, or develop-
26 mentally disabled as defined in section 66-402, Idaho Code, the commission
27 or contractor may petition the court for protective proceedings,
28 appointment of a guardian or conservator and such other relief as may be pro-
29 vided by chapter 5, title 15, Idaho Code, and chapters 3 and 4, title 66,
30 Idaho Code.
31 (5) An employee or contract employee contractor
32 of the commission shall not be appointed the guardian or conservator of a vul-
33 nerable adult unless the commission employee or contract employee
34 contractor has a spousal or familial relationship with the vul-
35 nerable adult.
36 SECTION 8. That Section 39-5308, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
37 amended to read as follows:
38 39-5308. INTERAGENCY COOPERATION. (1) In performing the duties set forth
39 in this chapter, the commission or contractor may request the
40 assistance of the staffs and resources of all appropriate state departments,
41 agencies and commissions and local health directors, and may utilize any other
42 public or private agencies, groups or individuals who are appropriate and who
43 may be available. Interagency multidisciplinary cooperation shall
44 include the involvement, when appropriate, of law enforcement personnel,
45 department personnel, medical personnel, and any other person or entity deemed
46 necessary due to their specialized training in providing services to vulnera-
47 ble adults. Multidisciplinary cooperation shall also include access to client
48 information necessary for the provision of services to vulnerable adults.
50 (2) The commission shall provide to the department of health and
51 welfare a periodic current on at least a quarterly basis a
1 listing of all alleged perpetrators against whom an allegation of adult abuse,
2 neglect or exploitation has been substantiated . to be used
3 pursuant to statutory authority and rule Upon request, all avail-
4 able supportive information shall be provided to enable the department
5 to conduct a criminal background check or
6 checks and other required investigations.
7 (3) The department shall provide to the commission or contractor
8 any report received under this chapter from a skilled nursing facility
9 defined in section 39-1301(b), Idaho Code, or an employee of such facility.
10 (4) The commission or contractor shall provide the department with
11 any report received under this chapter involving allegations of abuse, neglect
12 or exploitation occurring in a skilled nursing facility as defined in section
13 39-1301(b), Idaho Code.
14 (5) The commission, contractors and the department shall use
15 multidisciplinary staffing when necessary and share client and facility infor-
16 mation necessary to provide services to vulnerable adults.
17 SECTION 9. That Section 39-5309, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
18 amended to read as follows:
19 39-5309. COORDINATION OF SERVICES. Subsequent to the authorization for
20 the provision of reasonable and necessary emergency and support services, the
21 commission or contractor shall initiate a review of each case at
22 reasonable intervals over a reasonable period of time as the commission
23 or contractor deems necessary based upon the circumstances in each
24 individual case to determine whether continuation or modification of the ser-
25 vices provided is warranted. A decision to continue the provision of such ser-
26 vices should be made in concert with appropriate personnel from state agen-
27 cies, departments, service providers and others, and shall comply with the
28 consent provisions of this chapter.
29 SECTION 10. That Section 39-5310, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby
30 amended to read as follows:
31 39-5310. REPORT TO LAW ENFORCEMENT -- PROSECUTION. If, as the result of
32 any investigation initiated under the provisions of this chapter, it appears
33 that the abuse, neglect, or exploitation has caused injury or a serious impo-
34 sition on the rights of the vulnerable adult, the commission shall immediately
35 notify the appropriate law enforcement agency which shall initiate an investi-
36 gation and shall determine whether criminal proceedings should be initiated
37 against the caretaker or other persons in accordance with applicable state
38 law. The abuse, neglect, or exploitation of a vulnerable adult is a
39 misdemeanor under section 18-1505, Idaho Code, and is subject to punishments
40 provided in section 18-113, Idaho Code, and other applicable state law.
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
Adult Protection (AP) services are directed toward assisting and empowering vulnerable adults
who are experiencing difficulties in managing their own affairs or are unable to protect
themselves from abuse, neglect, or exploitation. The proposed amendments to adult protection
and public records disclosure laws will enhance the ability of AP services to empower
vulnerable adults in four (4) areas relevant to provision of service:
1. The proposed amendments declare policy for the provision of AP services and emphasize
the importance of a vulnerable adult's right to decision-making autonomy and
2. The proposed amendments allow any person, including any officer or employee of a financial
institution, who has reasonable cause to believe that a vulnerable adult is being abused,
neglected, or exploited to report the incident to the Commission on Aging. The reporter is
immune from civil or criminal liability arising from the report unless the report is made in bad
faith or with malicious purpose.
3. The proposed amendments clarify what discretionary actions may be taken by law
enforcement in emergency and non-emergency situations to ensure the safety of vulnerable
4. The proposed amendments allow collaborating multidisciplinary professionals access to
information necessary for the provision of services to vulnerable adults and ensure client
Name: Omar R. Valverde A., Esq.,
Agency: Idaho Commission on Aging
Statement of Purpose/Fiscal Impact