Print Friendly SENATE BILL NO. 1456 – Firefighter safety, structure fires
SENATE BILL NO. 1456
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S1456.......................................by COMMERCE AND HUMAN RESOURCES
FIREFIGHTER SAFETY - Adds to existing law to provide requirements to ensure
the safety of firefighters operating at the scene of structure fires in the
free burning stage and to provide exceptions.
02/13 Senate intro - 1st rdg - to printing
02/16 Rpt prt - to Com/HuRes
|||| LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF IDAHO ||||
Fifty-fourth Legislature Second Regular Session - 1998
IN THE SENATE
SENATE BILL NO. 1456
BY COMMERCE AND HUMAN RESOURCES COMMITTEE
1 AN ACT
2 RELATING TO FIREFIGHTERS; AMENDING CHAPTER 18, TITLE 44, IDAHO CODE, BY THE
3 ADDITION OF A NEW SECTION 44-1813, IDAHO CODE, TO PROVIDE REQUIREMENTS TO
4 ENSURE THE SAFETY OF FIREFIGHTERS OPERATING AT THE SCENE OF STRUCTURE
5 FIRES IN THE FREE BURNING STAGE AND TO PROVIDE EXCEPTIONS.
6 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Idaho:
7 SECTION 1. That Chapter 18, Title 44, Idaho Code, be, and the same is
8 hereby amended by the addition thereto of a NEW SECTION , to be
9 known and designated as Section 44-1813, Idaho Code, and to read as follows:
10 44-1813. FIREFIGHTER SAFETY. (1) Firefighters operating at the scene of
11 structure fires in the free burning stage shall not enter the structure in
12 teams of less than two (2) members. The team members shall be in communication
13 with each other through visual, audible, physical, safety guide rope, or elec-
14 tronic means, or by other means, to coordinate their activities. Team members
15 shall stay in close proximity to each other to provide assistance in case of
17 (2) The fire department shall provide a standby team of not less than two
18 (2) trained firefighters for the rescue of members operating at the emergency
19 incident prior to any team's entry into a structure fire in the free burning
21 (a) The standby team shall remain in positive communication with the
22 entry team and be prepared to rescue them. The standby team must be in
23 full protective clothing with self-contained breathing apparatus donned,
24 in standby mode.
25 (b) Of the standby team, one (1) member shall be permitted to perform
26 other tasks, but only if those tasks can be abandoned without jeopardizing
27 the safety and health of others at the emergency scene.
28 (c) One (1) member must remain free of all other tasks and be prepared to
29 initiate a rescue of those firefighters inside.
30 (3) Nothing in this statute shall prohibit entry to a structure fire if
31 there is an immediate risk of loss of life within the structure should entry
32 be delayed. Entry shall not be delayed at any fire which can be controlled or
33 extinguished by portable fire extinguishers, class II standpipe, or small hose
34 systems without the need for protective clothing or breathing apparatus.
35 (4) It shall be recognized that deviations from the provisions of this
36 section may occur in an emergency or "good samaritan" operation involving
37 life-threatening situations where immediate action is necessary.
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
This legislation creates a new section providing for minimum standards of safety prior to
Firefighters entry into a structure fire in the freeburning stage. Included in the legislation are exceptions
and "good samaritan" provisions.
The purpose of this legislation does not direct the number of firefighters needed on duty, but
does address the number and functions of firefighters at the scene of an emergency incident needed to
safely initiate an interior attack at a structure fire.
Nothing in this bill intends to prevent any number of persons from responding to a call, setting
up equipment and initiating exterior suppression at the fire scene. It is not the intent of this legislation
to prohibit an individual firefighter from taking an action to preserve the life or safety of another
There is no fiscal impact.
Contact: Sen. John Andreason
Professional Firefighters of Idaho
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE / FISCAL NOTE