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HJM018..............................................by AGRICULTURAL AFFAIRS TRADE AGREEMENTS - Stating findings of the Legislature and urging the federal government, in negotiating any national trade agreements, to recognize the economic impact of such trade agreements on the states, with an emphasis on fair trade, rather than free trade, and to renegotiate the provisions of the Central American Free Trade Area (CAFTA) to limit sugar exports from the Central American countries to fairly protect sugarbeet and cane growers in the United States. 02/13 House intro - 1st rdg - to printing 02/16 Rpt prt - to Agric Aff 02/27 Rpt out - rec d/p - to 2nd rdg 03/01 2nd rdg - to 3rd rdg 03/04 3rd rdg - ADOPTED - voice vote Floor Sponsor - Bolz Title apvd - to Senate 03/05 Senate intro - 1st rdg - to Agric Aff 03/10 Rpt out - rec d/p - to 10th Ord 03/15 10th Ord - ADOPTED - voice vote Floor Sponsor - Noble Title apvd - to House 03/16 To enrol 03/17 Rpt enrol - Sp signed 03/18 Pres signed - To Secretary of State
]]]] LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF IDAHO ]]]] Fifty-seventh Legislature Second Regular Session - 2004 IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HOUSE JOINT MEMORIAL NO. 18 BY AGRICULTURAL AFFAIRS COMMITTEE 1 A JOINT MEMORIAL 2 TO THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES IN CONGRESS 3 ASSEMBLED, AND TO THE CONGRESSIONAL DELEGATION REPRESENTING THE STATE OF 4 IDAHO IN THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES. 5 We, your Memorialists, the House of Representatives and the Senate of the 6 State of Idaho assembled in the Second Regular Session of the Fifty-seventh 7 Idaho Legislature, do hereby respectfully represent that: 8 WHEREAS, the state of Idaho is the second leading producer of sugarbeets 9 in the United States, producing eighteen percent of the nation's market share; 10 and 11 WHEREAS, the United States is already the world's fourth largest sugar- 12 importing nation and has existing World Trade Organization commitments to 13 import at least 1,250,000 tons of foreign sugar every year, duty free, from 14 forty-one foreign nations including the Central American Free Trade Area 15 (CAFTA) countries; and 16 WHEREAS, the United States sugar producers are already holding over 17 700,000 tons of United States sugar off the market this year under the market- 18 ing allocation system in the U.S. Farm Bill in order to properly manage the 19 program, stabilize prices and prevent a glut on the market; and 20 WHEREAS, the nation's sugarbeet industry is facing one of the gravest 21 threats in its history in the form of the CAFTA agreement, as well as other 22 trade agreements currently under negotiation, which seek to provide unneeded 23 additional foreign access to the United States sugar market; and 24 WHEREAS, in January 2002, the federal government announced that it was 25 initiating negotiations on a free trade agreement involving the countries of 26 El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. That negotiation concluded in 27 December 2003. The United States is also seeking to include Costa Rica and the 28 Dominican Republic in the agreement. Congress must now decide whether to rat- 29 ify CAFTA; and 30 WHEREAS, CAFTA would allow the Central American countries to export over 31 100,000 additional tons of sugar to the United States, harming the United 32 States sugar industry in the process; and 33 WHEREAS, the United States sugar industry is efficient by world standards 34 but cannot be expected to compete with these foreign countries under free 35 trade agreements due to the labor practices, lack of environmental regulations 36 and subsidized agricultural production of these foreign countries; and 37 WHEREAS, concerns over free trade agreements face the sugar industry at a 38 time when the domestic consumption of sugar is declining, forcing domestic 39 sugar producers to store extremely high quantities of sugar; and 40 WHEREAS, the state of Idaho stands to lose thousands of jobs and millions 41 of dollars if these free trade agreements are implemented, potentially devas- 42 tating the state's sugarbeet industry, moving production into other supply- 43 sensitive crops, and severely harming the state's economy as a whole; and 44 WHEREAS, the economic impact of any trade agreement on the states must be 2 1 recognized and considered to maintain viable economic health of agricultural 2 industries, as well as all industries, with an emphasis on fair trade, rather 3 than free trade; and 4 WHEREAS, the provisions of CAFTA should be renegotiated to limit exports 5 from Central American countries to a needs-based access, allowing the United 6 States sugar policy to properly function and fairly treat sugarbeet and cane 7 growers in the United States. 8 NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the members of the Second Regular Ses- 9 sion of the Fifty-seventh Idaho Legislature, the House of Representatives and 10 the Senate concurring therein, that in negotiating any national trade agree- 11 ments, the federal government is urged to recognize the economic impact of 12 such trade agreements on the states and consider those impacts to maintain 13 viable economic health of agricultural industries, as well as all industries, 14 with an emphasis on fair trade, rather than free trade. The government is fur- 15 ther urged to renegotiate the provisions of CAFTA to limit sugar exports from 16 the Central American countries to fairly protect sugarbeet and cane growers in 17 the United States. 18 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Chief Clerk of the House of Representa- 19 tives be, and she is hereby authorized and directed to forward a copy of this 20 Memorial to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Repre- 21 sentatives of Congress, and the congressional delegation representing the 22 State of Idaho in the Congress of the United States.
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE RS 13964C1 The purpose of this House Joint Memorial is to convey to the United States Senate and House of Representatives and the Congressional delegation representing the State of Idaho that the Idaho Legislature desires that all potential trade agreements recognize and consider economic impact. This consideration is to include the economic impact to all of the state's industries. Emphasis for trade agreements should be on "fair trade" rather than "free trade". FISCAL IMPACT There is no fiscal impact from this legislation on the General Fund. Contact Name: Representative Darrell Bolz Phone: 332-1207 STATEMENT OF PURPOSE/FISCAL NOTE HJM 018