ADOPTION OF CHILDREN
16-1501. Minors and adults may be adopted. Any minor child may be adopted by any adult person residing in and having residence in Idaho, in the cases and subject to the rules prescribed in this chapter.
(1) Persons not minors may be adopted by a resident adult in cases where the person adopting has sustained the relation of parent to such adopted person:
(a) For a period in excess of one (1) year while the person was a minor; or
(b) For such period of time or in such manner that the court after investigation finds a substantial family relationship has been created.
(2) Adoptions shall not be denied solely on the basis of the disability of a prospective adoptive parent. As used in this chapter:
(a) "Adaptive equipment" means any piece of equipment or any item that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the parenting capabilities of a parent with a disability.
(b) "Disability" means, with respect to an individual, any mental or physical impairment which substantially limits one (1) or more major life activities of the individual including, but not limited to, self-care, manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, learning or working or a record of such an impairment, or being regarded as having such an impairment. Disability shall not include transvestism, transsexualism, pedophilia, exhibitionism, voyeurism, other sexual behavior disorders, or substance use disorders, compulsive gambling, kleptomania or pyromania. Sexual preference or orientation is not considered an impairment or disability. Whether an impairment substantially limits a major life activity shall be determined without consideration of the effect of corrective or mitigating measures used to reduce the effects of the impairment.
(c) "Supportive services" means services which assist a parent with a disability to compensate for those aspects of their disability which affect their ability to care for their child and which will enable them to discharge their parental responsibilities. The term includes specialized or adapted training, evaluations, or assistance with effective use of adaptive equipment, and accommodations which allow a parent with a disability to benefit from other services, such as Braille texts or sign language interpreters.
(3) If applicable, nothing in this chapter shall modify the requirements of the Indian child welfare act of 1978, 25 U.S.C. 1901, et seq.
[(16-1501) 1879, p. 8, sec. 1; R.S., sec. 2545; reen. R.C. & C.L., sec. 2700; C.S., sec. 4682; I.C.A., sec. 31-1101; am. 1951, ch. 283, sec. 1, p. 611; am. 1953, ch. 150, sec. 1, p. 245; am. 1972, ch. 147, sec. 1, p. 318; am. 1991, ch. 39, sec. 1, p. 78; am. 1996, ch. 195, sec. 1, p. 610; am. 2002, ch. 233, sec. 4, p. 671; am. 2013, ch. 138, sec. 3, p. 324; am. 2014, ch. 97, sec. 1, p. 265.]