CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS
18-6713. Theft of telecommunication services. (1) As used in this section:
(a) "Clone cellular telephone" or "counterfeit cellular telephone" is a cellular telephone whose electronic serial number has been altered from the electronic serial number that was programmed in the telephone by the manufacturer by someone other than the manufacturer.
(b) "Cloning paraphernalia" means materials that, when possessed in combination, are capable of creating a cloned cellular telephone. These materials include: scanners to intercept the electronic serial number and mobile identification number, cellular telephones, cables, EPROM chips, EPROM burners, software for programming the cloned phone with a false electronic serial number and mobile identification number combination, a computer containing such software and lists of electronic serial number and mobile identification number combinations.
(c) "Electronic serial number" means the unique number that was programmed into a cellular telephone by its manufacturer which is transmitted by the cellular phone and used by cellular telephone providers to validate radio transmissions to the system as having been made by an authorized device.
(d) "EPROM" or "erasable programmable read-only memory" means an integrated circuit memory that can be programmed from an external source and erased, for reprogramming, by exposure to ultraviolet light.
(e) "Illegal telecommunications equipment" means any instrument, apparatus, equipment, or device which is designed or adapted, and otherwise used or intended to be used for the theft of any telecommunication service or for concealing from any supplier of telecommunication service or lawful authority the existence, place of origin, use or destination of any telecommunication.
(f) "Intercept" means to electronically capture, record, reveal or otherwise access the signals emitted or received during the operation of a cellular telephone without the consent of the sender or receiver of the signals, by means of any instrument, device or equipment.
(g) "Mobile identification number" means the cellular telephone number assigned to the cellular telephone by the cellular telephone carrier.
(h) "Possess" means to have physical possession or otherwise to exercise dominion or control over tangible property.
(i) "Telecommunication service" means a service which, in exchange for a pecuniary consideration, provides or offers to provide transmission of messages, signals, facsimiles, video images or other communication between persons who are physically separated from each other by means of telephone, telegraph, cable, wire, or the projection of energy without physical connection.
(2) It is unlawful intentionally to:
(a) Make illegal telecommunications equipment; or
(b) Sell, give, or furnish to another or advertise or offer for sale illegal telecommunications equipment; or
(c) Sell, give, or furnish to another or advertise or offer for sale any plans or instructions for making, assembling, or using illegal telecommunications equipment; or
(d) Use or possess illegal telecommunications equipment.
(3) It is unlawful intentionally to:
(a) Make clone cellular telephones; or
(b) Sell, give or furnish to another or advertise or offer for sale clone cellular telephones; or
(c) Sell, give or furnish to another or advertise or offer for sale any plans or instructions for making, assembling, or using clone cellular telephones; or
(d) Use or possess illegal cloning paraphernalia; or
(e) Use a clone cellular telephone or counterfeit telephone to facilitate the commission of a felony.
(4) It is theft of telecommunications services to use, receive, or control telecommunications services without paying the pecuniary consideration regularly charged by the supplier of the telecommunication services used, received or controlled.
(a) Actual knowledge by the supplier of the telecommunication services that a person is or has been using, receiving or controlling the services shall not be a defense to the crime of theft of telecommunication services.
(5) A person who violates the provisions of subsection (2)(d) of this section commits a crime and shall be punished as follows:
(a) The first conviction shall be a misdemeanor, which shall be punished by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) or by imprisonment in the county jail for a term not to exceed six (6) months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
(b) Conviction of a second or subsequent violation shall be punished by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) or by imprisonment in the county jail for a term not to exceed one (1) year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
(6) A person who violates the provisions of either subsection (2)(a), (b) or (c) of this section commits a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail for a term not to exceed one (1) year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
(7) A person who violates the provisions of subsection (3) of this section commits a felony.
(8) In a prosecution for violation of the provisions of subsection (2), (3) or (4) of this section, the element of intent may be established by proof that the defendant obtained such services by any of the following means:
(a) By use of a code, prearranged scheme, or other similar stratagem or device whereby said person, in effect, sends or receives information;
(b) Without the consent of the supplier of the telecommunication services, the installation, connection, or alteration of any equipment, cable, wire, antenna or facilities capable of either physically, inductively, acoustically, or electronically enabling a person to use, receive or control telecommunication services without paying the regular pecuniary charge;
(c) By any other trick, stratagem, impersonation, false pretense, false representation, false statement, contrivance, device, or means; or
(d) By making, assembling, or possessing any instrument, apparatus, equipment, or device or the plans or instructions for the making or assembling of any instrument, apparatus, equipment, or device which is designed, adapted, or otherwise used or intended to be used to avoid the lawful charge, in whole or in part, for any telecommunications service by concealing the use, existence, place of origin, or destination of any telecommunications.
(9) The supplier of telecommunication services which is directly affected by the commission of any of the acts prohibited under subsections (2), (3) and (4) of this section shall, regardless of whether there was a criminal conviction, have a civil cause of action against the person who commits any of the prohibited acts. The prevailing party shall be awarded all reasonable costs of litigation including, but not limited to, attorney’s fees and court costs. If the supplier prevails, he shall recover additionally:
(a) Actual damages; or
(b) Liquidated damages of ten dollars ($10.00) per day for each day of the violation or five hundred dollars ($500), whichever is greater; or
(c) If actual damages are greater than five hundred dollars ($500), and, if proven, punitive damages.
(10) Nothing in this section shall be construed to make unlawful the interception or receipt by any person or the assisting, including the manufacture or sale, of such interception or receipt, of any satellite cable programs for private viewing as defined and specifically permitted under the "Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984."
[18-6713, added 1980, ch. 326, sec. 2, p. 842; am. 1985, ch. 32, sec. 1, p. 64; am. 1988, ch. 354, sec. 1, p. 1055; am. 1997, ch. 144, sec. 1, p. 417; am. 2005, ch. 359, sec. 11, p. 1137.]