IDAHO BAIL ACT
19-2914A. bail enforcement agents. (1) As used in this section, "bail enforcement agent" or "agent" means a person who:
(a) Is empowered to arrest or surrender a defendant at any time before the exoneration of bail; and
(b) Meets the requirements of this section.
(2) Requirements. An agent must:
(a) Be eighteen (18) years of age or older;
(b) Be a citizen or legal resident of the United States;
(c) Not have been adjudicated as having suffered from any of the following conditions, based on substantial evidence:
(i) Lacking mental capacity as defined in section 18-210, Idaho Code;
(ii) Mentally ill as defined in section 66-317, Idaho Code;
(iii) Gravely disabled as defined in section 66-317, Idaho Code; or
(iv) An incapacitated person as defined in section 15-5-101, Idaho Code; and
(d) Not be a fugitive from justice.
(3) Required items and information. During an arrest pursuant to section 19-2914, Idaho Code, a bail enforcement agent must possess:
(a) An affidavit extending the authority to arrest the defendant;
(b) The name, last known address, and photograph of the defendant;
(c) The name and principal address of the surety insurance company, its bail agent, or the person posting a property bond or cash deposit that is empowering the bail enforcement agent to arrest the defendant; and
(d) A valid driver’s license or other photographic identifying document or information.
(4) Identification. A badge shall be worn by bail enforcement agents that is designed exclusively for bail enforcement agents. The badge must clearly delineate the title of "bail enforcement agent" directly on and below the badge.
(5) Notification to the sheriff. Prior to making a planned apprehension, an agent must first provide notice to the county sheriff of the county within which the planned apprehension is to occur.
(6) Prohibitions. Upon appointment, until either revocation of appointment or the exoneration of bail, an agent may not:
(a) Represent himself as a peace officer or an employee of any department of a federal, state, or local law enforcement agency;
(b) Wear any uniform that would represent the agent as a peace officer or an employee of any department of a federal, state, or local government;
(c) Use a fictitious name that would represent the agent as a peace officer or an employee of a department of a federal, state, or local government; or
(d) Carry a weapon, unless in compliance with all state and federal laws.
(7) Penalty. Any person who violates the provisions of subsection (2), (3), (4), or (5) of this section for the first offense shall be liable for a misdemeanor penalty of a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000). For any second or subsequent offense, the person shall be subject to a misdemeanor penalty not to exceed six (6) months in jail and a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000). Any person who fails to obtain authority from a surety insurance company or its bail agent, or the person posting a property bond or cash deposit in accordance with section 19-2914, Idaho Code, or a similar law of another state, or who attempts to arrest or surrender a defendant without meeting the requirements of subsection (2) of this section, or who violates the provisions of subsection (6) of this section, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(8) Requirements for prosecution. Venue for prosecution for a violation under the provisions of this section shall be in the county where the violation occurred, and such prosecution will be handled by the prosecuting attorney of such county. A prosecution for a violation of this section must be commenced within the time limitations set forth in section 19-403, Idaho Code.
(9) A bail agent who appoints a bail enforcement agent is required to keep a copy of the bail enforcement agent’s appointment and may rely thereon that the bail enforcement agent has met the requirements of this section.
[19-2914A, added 2019, ch. 266, sec. 2, p. 779; am. 2020, ch. 126, sec. 2, p. 394.]