Idaho Statutes

19-625.  Detention for obtaining evidence of identifying physical characteristics. (1) A peace officer who is engaged, within the scope of his authority, in the investigation of an alleged criminal offense which is a felony may make written application upon oath or affirmation to a judge of any district court, or magistrates division thereof, for an order authorizing the temporary detention, for the purpose of obtaining evidence of identifying physical characteristics, of an identified or particularly described individual residing in or found in the jurisdiction over which the judicial officer presides. The order shall require the presence of the identified or particularly described individual at such time and place as the court shall direct for obtaining the identifying physical characteristic evidence. Such order may be issued by the judicial officer upon a showing under oath of all the following:
(A)  Probable cause for belief that a specifically described criminal offense which is a felony has been committed.
(B)  Reasonable grounds exist, which may or may not amount to probable cause, to believe that the identified or particularly described individual committed the criminal offense.
(C)  Procurement of evidence of identifying physical characteristics from the identified or particularly described individual may contribute to the identification of the individual who committed such offense.
(D)  Such evidence cannot otherwise be obtained by the investigating officer.
(2)  Any order issued pursuant to the provisions of this section shall specify the following:
(A)  The alleged criminal offense which is the subject of the application.
(B)  The specific type of identifying physical characteristic evidence which is sought.
(C)  The relevance of such evidence to the particular investigation.
(D)  The identity or description of the individual who may be detained for obtaining such evidence.
(E)  The name and official status of the investigative officer authorized to effectuate such detention and obtain such evidence.
(F)  The place at which the obtaining of such evidence shall be effectuated.
(G)  The time that such evidence shall be taken except that no person may be detained for a period of more than three (3) hours for the purpose of taking such evidence.
(H)  That the individual so identified or described shall have the right to legal counsel during the detention when such evidence is obtained and if he is unable to afford private counsel an attorney shall be provided at public expense as provided by section 19-852, Idaho Code.
(I)  That the individual will be under no legal obligation to submit to any interrogation or to make any statement during the period of his appearance unless sound of voice identification is required.
(J)  The period of time, not exceeding ten (10) days, during which the order shall continue in force and effect. If the order is not executed within ten (10) days, a new order may be issued, pursuant to the provisions of this section.
(3)  The order issued pursuant to this section shall be returned to the court not later than fifteen (15) days after its date of issuance and shall be accompanied by a sworn statement indicating how and when the evidence was taken and the type of evidence taken. The court shall give to the person from whom such evidence was taken a copy of the order and a copy of the sworn statement indicating what type of evidence was taken, if any.
(4)  For the purposes of this section, "identifying physical characteristics" shall mean the fingerprints, palm prints, footprints, measurements, handwriting, handprinting, sound of voice, blood samples, urine samples, saliva samples, hair samples, comparative personal appearance, or photographs of an individual.

[I.C., sec. 19-625, as added by 1972, ch. 116, sec. 1, p. 230; am. 2001, ch. 142, sec. 3, p. 508.]

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