STATE PRISON AND COUNTY JAILS
STATE BOARD OF CORRECTION
20-241A. Agreements for confinement of inmates. The state board of correction shall have the power and it shall be its duty:
(1) To determine the availability of state facilities suitable for the detention and confinement of prisoners held under authority of state law. If the state board of correction determines that suitable state facilities are not available, it may enter into an agreement with the proper authorities of the United States, another state, a political subdivision of this state or another state, or a private prison contractor, to provide for the safekeeping, care, subsistence, proper government, discipline, and to provide programs for the reformation, rehabilitation and treatment of prisoners. Facilities made available to the state board of correction by agreement may be in this state, or in any other state, territory or possession of the United States. The state board of correction shall not enter into an agreement with an authority unable to provide the degree or kind of safekeeping, care and subsistence required by state or federal laws, the constitution of the state of Idaho, the United States constitution, and the rules adopted by the state board of correction. All contracts or agreements entered into by the state board of correction and a private prison contractor shall be subject to the provisions of this section and section 20-209, Idaho Code.
(a) An authority or private prison contractor, receiving physical custody for the purpose of incarceration of a person sentenced by a court under the terms of an agreement made under this section, shall be considered as acting solely as an agent of this state. This state retains jurisdiction over a person incarcerated in an institution of another state, the United States, a political subdivision of this state or another state, or of a private institution;
(b) The attorney general of this state shall enforce an agreement or contract made under this section in a civil suit.
(2) The state board of correction shall have the authority to enter into contracts with private prison contractors for the site selection, design, design/building, acquisition, construction, construction management, maintenance, leasing, leasing/purchasing, management or operation of private prison facilities or any combination of these services, subject to the following requirements and limitations:
(a) Any request for proposals, any original contract, any contract renewal, any price or cost adjustment or any other amendment to any contract for the incarceration of individuals in a private institution, shall be reviewed by the board of correction;
(b) No contract authorized by the provisions of this section shall be awarded until the private prison contractor demonstrates to the satisfaction of the state board of correction that the contractor possesses the necessary qualifications and experience to provide the services specified in the contract; that the contractor can provide the necessary qualified personnel to implement the terms of the contract; that the financial condition of the contractor is such that the terms of the contract can be fulfilled; that the contractor has the ability to comply with applicable court orders and corrections standards; and that the proposed private prison facilities or the correctional services proposed by the contractor meet constitutional minimums;
(c) No contract authorized by the provisions of this section shall be awarded until the private prison contractor demonstrates to the satisfaction of the state board of correction that the contractor can obtain insurance or provide self-insurance to indemnify the state against possible claims arising from the operation of prison facilities by the contractor, and to compensate the state for any losses incurred due to the operation of prison facilities;
(d) Contracts awarded to private prison contractors pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be entered into for a period specified in each contract, subject to availability of funds annually appropriated by the Idaho legislature for that purpose. No contract awarded pursuant to this section shall provide for the encumbrance of funds beyond the amount available for a fiscal year;
(e) A contract may provide for annual contract price or cost adjustments, except that any adjustments may be made only once each year effective on the anniversary of the effective date of the contract.
(3) Any contract between the state board of correction and a private prison contractor, whereby the contractor provides for the housing, care, and control of inmates in a nondepartmental facility operated by the contractor, shall contain, in addition to other provisions, terms and conditions:
(a) A requirement that the contractor is to provide said services in a facility which meets standards as required by the Idaho department of correction;
(b) If a private prison institution is to be located in the state of Idaho on private land, it shall be required that the contractor obtain written authorization from the governing board of any municipality in which the facility is to be located, or if the facility is not to be located within the municipality, written authorization from the board of county commissioners of the county in which the facility is to be located;
(c) A requirement that the private prison contractor shall provide training to its personnel to a level acceptable to the Idaho department of correction. The Idaho department of correction may provide training to the personnel of a private prison contractor and may charge a reasonable fee for the training, not to exceed the cost of training. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to confer peace officer status upon any employee of the private prison contractor or to authorize the use of firearms except to prevent escape from the facility or from custody while being transported to or from the facility or to prevent an act which would cause death or serious bodily injury to any person. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to confer Idaho state employee status upon any employee of the private prison contractor;
(d) A requirement that any private prison contractor operating a facility that houses prisoners pursuant to a contract between the contractor and the state board of correction shall cooperate with the Idaho department of correction for the prevention and suppression of serious disturbances, including riots, escapes, affrays or insurrections, at the private prison facilities. To effectuate this provision, the contract shall, at a minimum, provide:
(i) For participation by the private prison contractor in multiagency training for the preventing and responding to serious disturbances at a private prison facility;
(ii) For participation by the private prison contractor in multiagency agreements for the prevention of and response to serious disturbances at a private prison facility and reimbursement for emergency services provided by governmental entities;
(iii) For notification by the private prison contractor to the director of the Idaho department of correction in the event of a serious disturbance at a private prison facility and for consultation by the director of the Idaho department of correction with the private prison contractor prior to a response by the director of the Idaho department of correction;
(iv) That the private prison contractor shall provide access to the private prison facility for the Idaho department of correction and such other governmental entities or agencies as the Idaho department of correction may designate, including space to establish a command post, for responding to a serious disturbance;
(v) That, in the event of a serious disturbance, the private prison contractor shall participate in a unified command structure under the director of the Idaho department of correction until, in the director of the Idaho department of correction’s discretion, the serious disturbance is resolved.
(4) Contracts awarded under the provisions of this section shall, at a minimum, comply with the following:
(a) Provide for internal and perimeter security to protect the public, employees and inmates;
(b) Provide that the private prison contractor shall not benefit financially from the labor of inmates nor shall any inmate ever be placed in a position of authority over another inmate. Any profits realized from the operation of a prison enterprise program shall revert to the department of correction or appropriate governmental authority. Private prison contractors may work with the Idaho department of correction in setting up work and training programs. Private prison contractors shall be authorized to purchase services and commodities from the Idaho department of correction which are necessary for implementing work or training opportunities as outlined in this section;
(c) Impose discipline on inmates only in accordance with applicable Idaho department of correction rules and procedures;
(d) Provide proper food, clothing, housing and medical care as provided for in the contract.
(5) A private prison contractor, in carrying out its duties and responsibilities under contract with the state board of correction, shall not be bound by the enactments of the legislature which govern the appointment, qualifications, duties, salaries or benefits of wardens, managers or other correctional employees. No employee of the private prison contractor shall be considered an employee of the state of Idaho. A private prison contractor shall not employ any person who does not satisfy the board of correction’s personnel policies.
(6) The director of the Idaho department of correction or his designee shall monitor the performance of the private prison contractor. In all such contracts the state shall retain clear supervisory and monitoring powers over the operation and management of the private institutions to insure that the inmates are properly cared for and that the employees of the facility and the public are adequately protected. Included in the powers and responsibilities of the director of the Idaho department of correction or his designee when acting as the chief contract monitor of the private prison contract are:
(a) Approval of all inmate releases on furlough or work release;
(b) Approval of the type of work offenders may perform pursuant to this section and review and approval of any incentive pay plan presented by the private prison contractor for offender pay;
(c) Approval of the training program for the private prison contractor’s employees;
(d) A determination if the minimum requirements of the contract are being satisfactorily performed;
(e) Promulgation of rules interpreting or making specific application of the provisions of this section;
(f) A determination if appropriate policies and procedures of the Idaho department of correction are being followed by the private prison contractor and its personnel;
(g) The duty, as set forth in section 20-209B, Idaho Code, to prevent, control and suppress serious disturbances, including riots, escapes, affrays and insurrections at a private prison facility that houses prisoners pursuant to a contract between the private prison contractor and the state board of correction, that, in the director of the Idaho department of correction’s discretion, threaten the health, safety, security and property of the facility, facility staff, prisoners, the public and the state of Idaho. This duty shall be exercised in the director of the Idaho department of correction’s discretion after consultation with the private prison contractor. The director of the Idaho department of correction shall designate personnel and facilities under the control of the state board of correction and shall enter into such agreements as deemed necessary with other governmental entities, to respond to serious disturbances at a private prison facility.
(7) No contract for correctional services may authorize, allow, or imply a delegation of authority or responsibility to a private prison contractor which would allow the contractor to:
(a) Develop or implement procedures for calculating inmate release dates;
(b) Approve the type of work inmates may perform and the wages which may be given to inmates engaging in the work;
(c) Place an inmate under less restrictive custody or more restrictive custody or take any disciplinary actions contrary to rules and procedures approved by the Idaho department of correction;
(d) Develop or implement procedures regarding the care, custody and treatment of inmates which are contrary to the Idaho department of correction’s policies and procedures, state or federal law.
(8) Any offense, which if committed in a state institution or facility would be a crime, including escape, shall also be a crime if committed by or with regard to offenders assigned to an institution or facility operated pursuant to a contract between the state and a private prison contractor.
(9) Any reference in the Idaho Code to imprisonment in a state penitentiary, or state prison, or incarceration under the control and custody of the Idaho board of correction shall be interpreted to include incarceration in a private prison facility.
[20-241A, added 1997, ch. 223, sec. 3, p. 657; am. 2010, ch. 351, sec. 3, p. 916.]