Idaho Statutes
pecnv.out

TITLE 30
CORPORATIONS
CHAPTER 17
BUSINESS COMBINATION ACT
30-1701.  Definitions. In this chapter the following terms have the meaning specified:
(1)  "Affiliate" means a person that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by or is under common control with a specified person.
(2)  "Announcement date," when used in reference to any business combination, means the date of the first public announcement of a definitive proposal for the business combination.
(3)  "Associate," when used to indicate a relationship with any person, means:
(a)  Any corporation or organization of which the person is an officer, director or partner or is, directly or indirectly, the beneficial owner of ten per cent (10%) or more of any class or series of shares entitled to vote or other equity interests;
(b)  Any trust or estate in which the person has a ten per cent (10%) or more beneficial interest or as to which the person serves as trustee or personal representative or in a similar fiduciary capacity; or
(c)  Any relative or spouse of the person, or any relative of the spouse, residing in the home of the person.
(4)  "Beneficial owner," when used with respect to shares or other securities, includes any person who, directly or indirectly, through any agreement, arrangement, relationship, understanding or otherwise, whether or not in writing, has or shares the power to vote, or direct the voting of, the shares or securities or has or shares the power to dispose of, or direct the disposition of, the shares or securities, except that:
(a)  A person is not deemed the beneficial owner of shares or securities tendered pursuant to a tender or exchange offer made by the person or any of the person’s affiliates or associates until the tendered shares or securities are accepted for purchase or exchange or payment, or purchased or exchanged; and
(b)  A person is not deemed the beneficial owner of shares or securities with respect to which the person has the power to vote or direct the voting arising solely from a revocable proxy given in response to a proxy solicitation made in accordance with the applicable rules and regulations under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and is not then reportable under that act on a schedule 13D or comparable report under that act.
(5)  "Beneficial ownership" includes the right to acquire shares or securities through the exercise of options, warrants or rights, the conversion of convertible securities or otherwise, regardless of whether exercisable only after the passage of time (whether or not less than sixty (60) days) or the occurrence or nonoccurrence of a future event. The shares or securities subject to the options, warrants, rights or conversion privileges held by a person are deemed to be outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage of outstanding shares or securities of the class or series owned by the person but are not deemed to be outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage of the class or series owned by any other person. A person is deemed the beneficial owner of shares and securities beneficially owned by an affiliate or associate of the person.
(6)  "Business combination," when used in reference to any issuing public corporation and any interested shareholder of the issuing public corporation, means:
(a)  Any merger or consolidation of the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation with either:
1.  The interested shareholder; or
2.  Any other domestic or foreign corporation, whether or not itself an interested shareholder of the issuing public corporation, that is, or after the merger would be, an affiliate or associates of the interested shareholder, except that the foregoing does not include the merger of a wholly owned subsidiary of the issuing public corporation into the issuing public corporation or the merger of two (2) or more wholly owned subsidiaries of the issuing public corporation; or
(b)  Any exchange, pursuant to a plan of exchange under the laws of this state or a comparable statute of any other state or jurisdiction, of shares of the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation for shares of either:
1.  The interested shareholder; or
2.  Any other domestic or foreign corporation, whether or not itself an interested shareholder of the issuing public corporation, that is, or after the exchange would be, an affiliate or associate of the interested shareholder; or
(c)  Any sale, lease, exchange, mortgage, pledge, transfer or other disposition, in a single transaction or a series of transactions, to or with the interested shareholder or any affiliate or associate of the interested shareholder, whether as part of a dissolution or otherwise, of assets of the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation to which any of the following applies:
1.  Has an aggregate market value equal to ten per cent (10%) or more of the aggregate market value of all the assets, determined on a consolidated basis, of the issuing public corporation;
2.  Has an aggregate market value equal to ten per cent (10%) or more of the aggregate market value of all the outstanding shares of the issuing public corporation; or
3.  Represents ten per cent (10%) or more of the earning power or net income, determined on a consolidated basis, of the issuing public corporation; or
(d)  Any transaction which results in the issuance or transfer by the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation, in a single transaction or a series of transactions, of any shares of the issuing public corporation that have an aggregate market value equal to five per cent (5%) or more of the aggregate market value of all the outstanding shares of the issuing public corporation to the interested shareholder or any affiliate or associate of the interested shareholder, except pursuant to the exercise of warrants or rights to purchase shares offered or distributed or a dividend or distribution paid or made pro rata to all shareholders of the issuing public corporation, and except pursuant to the exercise or conversion of securities exercisable for or convertible into shares of the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation which securities were outstanding prior to the time that the interested stockholder became such; or
(e)  The adoption of any plan or proposal for the liquidation or dissolution of the issuing public corporation, or any reincorporation of the issuing public corporation in another state or jurisdiction, proposed by, on behalf of or pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or understanding, whether or not in writing, with the interested shareholder or any affiliate or associate of the interested shareholder; or
(f)  Any transaction involving any reclassification of securities, including any share dividend or split, reverse share split or other distribution of shares in respect of shares, recapitalization of the issuing public corporation, merger or consolidation of the issuing public corporation with any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation, exchange of shares of the issuing public corporation with any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation or other transaction, whether or not with or into or otherwise involving the interested shareholder, proposed by, on behalf of or pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or understanding, whether or not in writing, with the interested shareholder or any affiliate or associate of the interested shareholder that has the effect, directly or indirectly, of increasing the proportionate share of the outstanding shares of any class or series of shares entitled to vote, or securities that are exchangeable for or convertible into or that carry a right to acquire shares entitled to vote, of the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation that is, directly or indirectly, owned by the interested shareholder of [or] any affiliate or associate of the interested shareholder, except as a result of immaterial changes due to fractional share adjustments; or
(g)  Any receipt by the interested shareholder or any affiliate or associate of the interested shareholder of the benefit, directly or indirectly, except proportionately as a shareholder of the issuing public corporation, of any loans, advances, guarantees, pledges or other financial assistance or any tax credits or other tax advantages provided by or through the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation.
(7)  "Consummation," with respect to any business combination, means the date of consummation of the business combination or, in the case of a business combination as to which a shareholder vote is taken, the later of:
(a)  The business day before the vote; or
(b)  Twenty (20) days before the date of consummation of the business combination.
(8)  "Control," "controlling," "controlled by" or "under common control with" means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or to cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise. A person’s beneficial ownership of ten per cent (10%) or more of the voting power of a corporation’s outstanding shares entitled to vote in the election of directors creates a presumption that the person has control of the corporation. A person is not considered to have control of a corporation if the person holds voting power, in good faith and not for the purpose of avoiding the provisions of this chapter, as an agent, bank, broker, nominee, custodian or trustee for one (1) or more beneficial owners who do not individually or as a group have control of the corporation.
(9)  "Day" means a calendar day and shall consist of the time period from 12:01 a.m. through 12:00 midnight, Idaho time.
(10)  "Interested shareholder," when used in reference to any issuing public corporation, means any person, other than the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation, that is either:
(a)  The beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of ten per cent (10%) or more of the voting power of the outstanding shares entitled to vote of the issuing public corporation; or
(b)  An affiliate or associate of the issuing public corporation.
(11)  "Issuing public corporation" means a publicly held corporation which has at least fifty (50) shareholders and which either:
(a)  Is incorporated under the laws of this state; or
(b)  (i) Has a place of business or its principal executive office located in this state, (ii) owns or controls assets located within this state that have a fair market value of at least one million dollars ($1,000,000), (iii) has more than two hundred fifty (250) employees residing in this state, and (iv) has either (X) more than ten per cent (10%) of its shareholders resident in this state, or (Y) more than ten per cent (10%) of its shares owned of record by state residents. For purposes of this subsection, the number of employees shall be computed by including all employees of subsidiaries or affiliates of the publicly held corporation. For purposes of this subsection, the record date for determining the percentages and number of shareholders and shares shall be the last shareholder record date before the event requiring that the determination be made, except that if a shareholder record date has not been fixed by the board of directors of the issuing public corporation within the preceding four (4) months, the determination shall be made as of the end of the issuing public corporation’s most recent fiscal quarter. The residence of a shareholder is presumed to be the address appearing in the records of the issuing public corporation. Shares held of record by banks (except as trustee or guardian), brokers, or nominees shall be disregarded for purposes of calculating percentages and numbers described in this subsection. Shares of an issuing public corporation allocated to the account of an employee or former employee or beneficiaries of employees or former employees of an issuing public corporation held in a plan that is qualified under section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and is a defined contribution plan within the meaning of section 414(i) of the code, shall be deemed for purposes of this subsection, to be held of record by the employee to whose account such shares are allocated.
(12)  "Market value," when used in reference to shares or property of any issuing public corporation or any of its subsidiaries, means:
(a)  In the case of shares, the highest closing sale price during the thirty (30) day period immediately preceding the date in question of a share of the composite tape for New York Stock Exchange listed shares or, if the shares are not quoted on the composite tape or not listed on the New York Stock Exchange, on the principal United States securities exchange registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, on which the shares are listed or, if the shares are not listed on any such exchange, on the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. Automated Quotations National Market System or, if the shares are not quoted on the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. Automated Quotations National Market System, the highest closing bid quotation during the thirty (30) day period preceding the date in question of a share on the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. Automated Quotations System or any system then in use or, if no such quotation is available, the fair market value on the date in question of a share as determined in good faith by the board of the issuing public corporation; and
(b)  In the case of property other than cash or shares, the fair market value of the property on the date in question as determined in good faith by the board of the issuing public corporation.
(13)  "Publicly held corporation" means a corporation that has a class of equity securities registered pursuant to section 12 or is subject to section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
(14)  "Share acquisition date," with respect to any person and any issuing public corporation, means the date that the person first becomes an interested shareholder.

History:
[30-1701, added 1988, ch. 84, sec. 3, p. 158; am. 1989, ch. 139, sec. 2, p. 325.]


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