PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS
33-5203. Authorization — Limitations. (1) The creation of public charter schools is hereby authorized. Public charter schools shall be part of the state’s program of public education.
(2) New public charter schools, which may begin educational instruction in any one (1) school year, shall be subject to the following:
(a) No whole school district may be converted to a charter district or any configuration that includes all schools as public charter schools; and
(b) A petition must be received by the initial authorized chartering entity no later than September 1 to be eligible to begin instruction the first complete school year following receipt of the petition, unless the authorized chartering entity agrees to a later date; and
(c) To begin operations, a newly chartered public school must be authorized by no later than January 1 of the previous school year.
(3) A public charter school may be formed either by creating a new public charter school or by replicating an existing high-performing public charter school, which charter may be approved by any authorized chartering entity, or by converting an existing traditional public school to a public charter school, which charter may only be approved by the board of trustees of the school district in which the existing public school is located.
(4) No charter shall be approved under this chapter:
(a) Which provides for the conversion of any existing private or parochial school to a public charter school.
(b) To a for-profit entity or any school that is operated by a for-profit entity, provided however, nothing herein shall prevent the board of directors of a public charter school from legally contracting with for-profit entities for the provision of products or services that aid in the operation of the school.
(c) By the board of trustees of a school district if the public charter school’s physical location is outside the boundaries of the authorizing school district.
(5) A public virtual school charter may be approved by any authorized chartering entity except a local school district board of trustees. In addition, a charter may also be approved by the state board of education pursuant to section 33-5207(5)(b), Idaho Code.
(6) A charter holder may not operate enterprises other than the public charter schools for which it has been authorized.
(7) The state board of education shall adopt rules, subject to law, to establish a consistent application and review process for the approval and maintenance of all public charter schools.
(8) Each public charter school authorized by an authorized chartering entity other than a local school district board of trustees is hereby designated as a local education agency (LEA) as such term is defined in 34 CFR 300.28. Public charter schools chartered by the board of trustees of a school district may also be designated by the board of trustees as an LEA, with the concurrence of the public charter school board of directors. Otherwise, the public charter school shall be included in that district’s LEA.
[33-5203, added 1998, ch. 92, sec. 1, p. 331; am. 1999, ch. 244, sec. 1, p. 624; am. 2004, ch. 371, sec. 3, p. 1101; am. 2005, ch. 255, sec. 7, p. 785; am. 2005, ch. 376, sec. 2, p. 1202; am. 2006, ch. 16, sec. 4, p. 47; am. 2012, ch. 112, sec. 1, p. 310; am. 2013, ch. 343, sec. 3, p. 910; am. 2016, ch. 271, sec. 2, p. 729; am. 2017, ch. 249, sec. 1, p. 608.]