HEALTH AND SAFETY
HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT
39-4412. Inspections — Right of entry. (1) All inspections and searches conducted under the authority of this chapter shall be performed in conformity with the prohibitions against unreasonable searches and seizures contained in the fourth amendment to the constitution of the United States and article I, section 17, of the constitution of the state of Idaho. The state shall not, under the authority granted by this chapter, conduct warrantless administrative searches of private property in the absence of either consent from the property owner or occupier or exigent circumstances such as a public health or environmental emergency.
(2) For the purposes of developing or enforcing any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation authorized by this chapter, any duly authorized state employee or representative may, upon presentation of appropriate credentials, at any reasonable time:
(a) Enter upon any private or public property where hazardous wastes are or have been generated, transported, treated, stored, or disposed of to inspect and to secure samples of such wastes, their containers, and their labels;
(b) Enter into any aircraft, vehicle, vessel, rail car, trailer, van, or other means of conveyance where hazardous wastes are or have been contained to inspect and to secure samples of such wastes, their containers, and their labels;
(c) Enter any private or public property, or means of conveyance, where records, reports, information or test results relating to the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, or disposal of hazardous wastes exist to inspect and copy such documents.
(3) Upon request by an authorized agent of a property owner or facility operator, the department shall provide the property owner or facility operator with a receipt for samples taken and a copy of sample analysis. Duplicate samples shall similarly be provided upon request if the requesting party agrees to have the samples analyzed and to share the results of the analysis with the department.
(4) The right of entry of a duly authorized state employee or representative shall not be subject to the waiver of any potential tort liability of the facility owner or operator. The right of entry of a duly authorized state or health district employee shall not be subject to any confidentiality requirements other than those specified in section 39-4411(3), Idaho Code, and chapter 1, title 74, Idaho Code. The right of entry of a private contractor working in a representative capacity for the department may, however, be made subject to additional confidentiality requirements so long as those requirements do not interfere unreasonably with the development of information by the department or the transmission of information from the contractor to the department or the United States environmental protection agency.
(5) Any magistrate or district court judge is authorized to issue an administrative search warrant upon a request from the director describing reasonable cause for issuance of the warrant or the existence of a reasonable program of inspection.
[39-4412, added 1983, ch. 154, sec. 1, p. 424; am. 1990, ch. 213, sec. 44, p. 517; am. 2015, ch. 141, sec. 93, p. 446.]