MONOPOLIES AND TRADE PRACTICES
REGISTRATION AND PROTECTION OF TRADEMARKS
48-501. Definitions. Whenever used in this chapter:
(1) "Abandoned" shall mean when either of the following occurs:
(a) When the use of the mark has been discontinued with intent not to resume such use. Intent not to resume may be inferred from circumstances. Nonuse for two (2) consecutive years shall constitute prima facie evidence of abandonment.
(b) When any course of conduct of the owner, including acts of omission as well as commission, causes the mark to lose its significance as a mark.
(2) "Applicant" shall mean the person filing an application for registration of a mark under this act, and the legal representatives, successors, or assigns of such person.
(3) "Certification mark" shall mean any word, name, symbol or device or any combination thereof: (a) used by a person other than its owner, or (b) which its owner has a bona fide intention to permit a person other than the owner to use in commerce and files an application to register on the principal register established by this chapter to certify regional or other origin, material, mode of manufacture, quality, accuracy or other characteristics of such person’s goods or services or that the work or labor on the goods or services was performed by members of a union or other organization.
(4) "Collective mark" shall mean a trademark or service mark: (a) used by the members of a cooperative, an association, or other collective group or organization; or (b) which such cooperative association or other collective group or organization has a bona fide intention to use in commerce and applies to register on the principal register established by this chapter, and includes marks indicating membership in a union, an association or other organization.
(5) "Dilution" shall mean the lessening of the capacity of registrant’s mark to identify and distinguish goods or services, regardless of the presence or absence of: (a) competition between the parties, or (b) likelihood of confusion, mistake or deception.
(6) "Juristic person" shall mean a firm, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or partnership, union, association, or other organization capable of suing and being sued in a court of law.
(7) "Mark" shall mean any trademark, service mark, collective mark or certification mark entitled to registration under this act whether registered or not.
(8) "Person" shall mean the applicant or other party entitled to a benefit or privilege or rendered liable under the provisions of this act and includes a juristic person as well as a natural person.
(9) "Registrant" shall mean the person to whom the registration of a mark under this act is issued, and the legal representatives, successors or assigns of such person.
(10) "Service mark" shall mean any word, name, symbol, or device or any combination thereof used by a person to identify and distinguish the services of one (1) person, including a unique service, from the services of others, and to indicate the source of the services, even if that source is unknown. Titles, character names used by a person, and other distinctive features of radio or television programs may be registered as service marks notwithstanding that they, or the programs, may advertise the goods of the sponsor.
(11) "Trademark" shall mean any word, name, symbol, or device or any combination thereof used by a person to identify and distinguish the goods of such person, including a unique product, from those manufactured and sold by others, and to indicate the source of the goods, even if that source is unknown.
(12) "Trade name" shall mean any name used by a person to identify a business or vocation of such person.
(13) "Use" shall mean the bona fide use of a mark in the ordinary course of trade, and not made merely to reserve a right in a mark. For the purposes of this act, a mark shall be deemed to be in use: (a) on goods when it is placed in any manner on the goods or other containers or the displays associated therewith or on the tags or labels affixed thereto, or if the nature of the goods makes such placement impracticable, then on documents associated with the goods or their sale, and the goods are sold or transported in commerce in this state; and (b) on services when it is used or displayed in the sale or advertising of services and the services are rendered in this state.
[48-501, added 1996, ch. 404, sec. 2, p. 1337; am. 1999, ch. 168, sec. 2, p. 456.]