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     Idaho Statutes

Idaho Statutes are updated to the website July 1 following the legislative session.


50-402.  Definitions. The following words and phrases when used in this chapter, have the meanings respectively given herein.
(a)  General election. "General election" means the election held on the first Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in November in each odd-numbered year at which there shall be chosen all mayors and councilmen as are by law to be elected in such years.
(b)  Special election. "Special election" means any election other than a general election held at any time for any purpose provided by law.
(c)  Qualified elector. A "qualified elector" means any person who is at least eighteen (18) years of age, is a United States citizen and who has resided in the city at least thirty (30) days next preceding the election at which he desires to vote and who is registered within the time period provided by law. A "qualified elector" shall also mean any person who is at least eighteen (18) years of age, is a United States citizen, who is a registered voter, and who resides in an area that the city has annexed pursuant to chapter 2, title 50, Idaho Code, within thirty (30) days of a city election.
(d)  Residence.
(1)  "Residence" for voting purposes, shall be the principal or primary home or place of abode of a person. Principal or primary home or place of abode is that home or place in which his habitation is fixed and to which a person, whenever he is absent, has the present intention of returning after a departure or absence therefrom, regardless of the duration of absence. In determining what is a principal or primary place of abode of a person the following circumstances relating to such person may be taken into account: business pursuits, employment, income sources, residence for income or other tax pursuits, residence of parents, spouse, and children, if any, leaseholds, situs of personal and real property, and motor vehicle registration.
(2)  A qualified elector shall not be considered to have gained residence in any city of this state into which he comes for temporary purposes only without the intention of making it his home but with the intention of leaving it when he has accomplished the purpose that brought him there.
(3)  A qualified elector who has left his home and gone to another area outside the city, for a temporary purpose only shall not be considered to have lost his residence.
(4)  If a qualified elector moves outside the city, with the intentions of making it his permanent home, he shall be considered to have lost his residence in the city.
(e)  Election official. "Election official" means the city clerk, registrar, judge of election, clerk of election, or county clerk engaged in the performance of election duties.
(f)  Reference to male. All references to the male elector and male city officials include the female elector and female city officials and the masculine pronoun includes the feminine.
(g)  Computation of time. Calendar days shall be used in all computations of time made under the provisions of this chapter. In computing time for any act to be done before any election, the first day shall be included and the last, or election day, shall be excluded. Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays shall be included, but if the time for any act to be done shall fall on Saturday, Sunday or a legal holiday, such act shall be done upon the day following each Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday.

[50-402, added 1978, ch. 329, sec. 2, p. 826; am. 1982, ch. 81, sec. 1, p. 148; am. 1983, ch. 45, sec. 1, p. 115; am. 1994, ch. 66, sec. 1, p. 136; am. 2002, ch. 75, sec. 2, p. 165; am. 2009, ch. 341, sec. 102, p. 1049.]

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