PROFESSIONS, VOCATIONS, AND BUSINESSES
CHIROPRACTIC PRACTICE ACT
54-704. Chiropractic practice. Chiropractic practice and procedures which may be employed by physicians are as follows:
(1) The system of specific adjustment or manipulation of the articulations and tissues of the body; the investigation, examination and clinical diagnosis of conditions of the human body and the treatment of the human body by the application of manipulative, manual, mechanical, physiotherapeutic or clinical nutritional methods and may include the use of diagnostic X-rays.
(a) "Adjustment" means the application of a precisely controlled force applied by hand or by mechanical device to a specific focal point on the anatomy for the express purpose of creating a desired angular movement in skeletal joint structures in order to eliminate or decrease interference with neural transmission and correct or attempt to correct subluxation complex; "chiropractic adjustment" utilizes, as appropriate, short lever force, high velocity force, short amplitude force, or specific line-of-correction force to achieve the desired angular movement, as well as low force neuromuscular, neurovascular, neuro-cranial, or neuro-lymphatic reflex technique procedures.
(b) "Manipulation" means an application of a resistive movement by applying a nonspecific force without the use of a thrust, that is directed into a region and not into a focal point of the anatomy for the general purpose of restoring movement and reducing fixation.
(c) "Massage therapy," also called massology, means the systematic manual or mechanical mobilization of the soft tissue of the body by such movements as rubbing, kneading, pressing, rolling, slapping and tapping, for the purpose of promoting circulation of the blood and lymph, relaxation of muscles, release from pain, restoration of metabolic balance, and the other benefits both physical and mental.
(2) Nothing herein contained shall allow any physician to:
(a) Perform surgical operations or practice obstetrics;
(b) Direct or suggest to the patient that such patient shall use a substance which, under federal law is required, prior to being dispensed or delivered, to be labeled with either of the following statements: (i) "Caution: Federal Law Prohibits Dispensing Without Prescription"; or (ii) "Caution: Federal Law Restricts This Drug To Use By or On The Order Of A Licensed Veterinarian"; or (iii) a product which is required by any applicable federal or state law regulation to be dispensed on prescription only or is restricted to use by practitioners only.
(3) Chiropractic practice, as herein defined is hereby declared not to be the practice of medicine within the meaning of the laws of the state of Idaho defining the same, and physicians licensed pursuant to this chapter shall not be subject to the provisions of chapter 18, title 54, Idaho Code, nor liable to any prosecution thereunder, when acting within the scope of practice as defined in this chapter.
[54-704, added 1980, ch. 334, sec. 2, p. 863; am. 1993, ch. 157, sec. 1, p. 402.]