Idaho Statutes

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55-1902.  Definitions. As used in this chapter:
(1)  "Basis of bearing" means the bearing in degrees, minutes and seconds, or equivalent, of a line between two (2) monuments or two (2) monumented corners that serves as the reference bearing for all other lines on the survey. A description of the bearing system used to include a complete citation of the datum, epoch, and name of the published projection must be shown on the survey. If a custom projection is used, the datum, epoch, and defining parameters of the projection sufficient to replicate the bearing system shall also be shown on the survey. For surveys where the bearing system is shown in accordance with this subsection, the convergence angle computed at a minimum of one monument on the survey must be shown.
(2)  "Corner," unless otherwise defined, means a property corner, or a property controlling corner, or a public land survey corner, or any combination of these.
(3)  "GPS" is the abbreviation for global positioning system, which is satellite surveying based on observations of the electromagnetic signals broadcast from the U.S. department of defense’s NAVSTAR GPS system.
(4)  "Idaho coordinate system" means that system of plane coordinates as established and designated by chapter 17, title 55, Idaho Code.
(5)  "Land survey" means measuring the field location of corners that:
(a)  Determine the boundary or boundaries common to two (2) or more ownerships;
(b)  Retrace or establish land boundaries;
(c)  Retrace or establish boundary lines of public roads, streets, alleys or trails; or
(d)  Plat lands and subdivisions thereof.
(6)  "Monument" means a physical structure or object intended to mark, reference, or witness a line, corner, or position.
(7)  "Property controlling corner" means a public land survey corner, property corner, reference point or witness corner that controls the location of one (1) or more of the property corners of the property in question.
(8)  "Property corner" means a geographic point on the surface of the earth and is on, a part of, and controls a property.
(9)  "Public land survey corner" means any point actually established and monumented in an original survey or resurvey that determines the boundaries of remaining public lands, or public lands patented, represented on an official plat and in the field notes thereof, accepted and approved under authority delegated by congress to the U.S. general land office and the U.S. department of the interior, bureau of land management.
(10) "Reference point" means a special monumented point that does not occupy the same geographical position as the corner itself and, where the spatial relationship to the corner is known and recorded, that serves to locate the corner.
(11) "Surveyor" means every person authorized by the state of Idaho to practice the profession of land surveying.

[55-1902, added 1978, ch. 107, sec. 1, p. 221; am. 1997, ch. 190, sec. 17, p. 529; am. 2004, ch. 83, sec. 1, p. 311; am. 2011, ch. 136, sec. 17, p. 394; am. 2017, ch. 86, sec. 2, p. 233; am. 2022, ch. 43, sec. 8, p. 121.]

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