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     Idaho Statutes

Idaho Statutes are updated to the website July 1 following the legislative session.


55-2014.   resident action for damages — Specific performance. (1) A resident of a community may file an action against a landlord for damages and specific performance for:
(a)  Failure to maintain in good working order, to the terminal point of service, electrical, water or sewer services supplied by the landlord;
(b)  Maintaining the premises in a manner hazardous to the health or safety of the resident, including, but not limited to, a continuing violation of any of the following:
(i)   Any rule adopted by the department of environmental quality governing public drinking water systems;
(ii)  Any rule adopted by the department of environmental quality governing hazardous waste;
(iii) Any rule adopted by the public health district in which the community is located governing wastewater and onsite sewage treatment systems;
(iv)  Any provision of the international fire code, as amended by the provisions of any fire code adopted by the county or municipality in which the community is located;
(v)   Any provision of the uniform building code, as amended by the provisions of any building code adopted by the county or municipality in which the community is located.
Nothing contained in the provisions of this subsection is intended to extend the application of any such rule or code provision to a previously existing condition which, as of July 1, 1993, was exempt from the enforcement of such rule or code provision.
(c)  Failure to return a security deposit as and when required by law;
(d)  Breach of any term or provision of the lease or rental agreement materially affecting the health and safety of the resident, whether explicitly or implicitly a part thereof.
(2)  Upon filing the complaint, a summons must be issued, served and returned as in other actions; provided however, that in an action exclusively for specific performance, at the time of issuance of the summons, the court shall schedule a trial within twelve (12) days from the filing of the complaint, and the service of the summons, complaint and trial setting on the defendant shall be not less than five (5) days before the day of trial appointed by the court. If the plaintiff brings an action for damages under this section, or combines this action for damages with an action for specific performance, the early trial provision shall not be applicable, and a summons must be issued returnable as in other cases upon filing the complaint.
(3)  In an action under this section, the plaintiff, in his complaint, must set forth the facts on which he seeks to recover, describe the premises, and set forth any circumstances which may have accompanied the failure or breach by the landlord.
(4)  If, upon the trial, the verdict of the jury, or, if the case be tried without a jury, the finding of the court, be in favor of the plaintiff against the defendant, judgment shall be entered for such special damages as may be proven. General damages may be awarded but shall not exceed five hundred dollars ($500). Judgment may also be entered requiring specific performance for any breach of agreement shown by the evidence, and for costs and disbursements.
(5)  Before a resident shall have standing to file an action under this section, he or she must give his or her landlord three (3) days’ written notice, listing each failure or breach upon which his action will be premised and written demand requiring performance or cure. If, within three (3) days after service of the notice, any listed failure or breach has not been performed or cured by the landlord, the resident may proceed to commence an action for damages and specific performance.
(6)  The notice required in subsection (5) of this section shall be served either:
(a)  By delivering a copy to the landlord or his agent personally; or
(b)  If the landlord or his agent is absent from his usual place of business, by leaving a copy with an employee at the usual place of business of the landlord or his agent; or
(c)  By sending a copy of the notice to the landlord or his agent by certified mail, return receipt requested.
(7)  The landlord is not liable if the maintenance condition was caused by the deliberate or negligent act or omission of the resident, a member of the resident’s family or other person on the premises with the resident’s consent.

[55-2014, added 1993, ch. 380, sec. 4, p. 1397; am. 2001, ch. 103, sec. 95, p. 334; am. 2002, ch. 86, sec. 11, p. 203; am. 2011, ch. 184, sec. 20, p. 532.]

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