Idaho Statutes

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TITLE 67
STATE GOVERNMENT AND STATE AFFAIRS
CHAPTER 94
OCCUPATIONAL LICENSING REFORM ACT
67-9408.  occupational and Professional licensure review Committee. (1) In order to establish oversight of occupational and professional licensure and related issues in Idaho, there is hereby established an occupational and professional licensure review committee.
(2)  The committee shall consist of eight (8) members, with four (4) members from the senate, one (1) of whom shall be cochair of the committee, and four (4) members from the house of representatives, one (1) of whom shall be cochair of the committee. Members from the senate shall be appointed by the president pro tempore of the senate, and members from the house of representatives shall be appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives. No more than three (3) members from the senate and no more than three (3) members from the house of representatives shall be from the same political party. Appointments to the committee shall be for the term of office of the member appointed. Any vacancy shall be filled in a manner consistent with the appointment procedure set forth in this subsection, except the appointment shall be for the remainder of the unexpired term. A committee member may be reappointed to the committee.
(3)  In addition to conducting sunrise and sunset reviews as set forth in this section, the committee is authorized to study and review occupational licensing and certification laws in general in order to determine, as applicable, how the legislature may be able to ease occupational licensing barriers while still protecting the public health and safety. The committee shall meet as often as may be necessary for the proper performance of its duties upon the call of the cochairs.
(4)  Beginning January 1, 2021, the committee shall conduct a sunrise review upon request that a lawful profession or occupational group that is not licensed become licensed. For purposes of this section, a profession or occupation becoming "licensed" means adding a requirement that a person must hold a license, certificate, registration, permit, or other authorization issued by a licensing authority to engage in such profession or occupation. Sunrise review by the committee shall be required prior to the introduction of any proposed legislation that a lawful profession or occupational group that is not licensed become licensed; provided, however, that a germane committee of the legislature later considering such proposed legislation shall not be bound by the recommendation of the committee. The sunrise review process shall be as follows:
(a)  The legislative services office shall prepare and publish an application form to be approved by the committee and used for the sunrise review process.
(b)  A requestor shall, prior to the introduction of any proposed legislation, submit the application for sunrise review to the legislative services office. The application shall be submitted by May 1 for review and processing prior to the next regular legislative session.
(c)  In addition to any other information requested by the committee or staff, the application shall include a copy of the applicant’s proposed draft legislation and a description of:
(i)   The requestor’s identity and relationship to the profession or occupational group;
(ii)  Why licensing or other regulation of the profession or occupation is necessary to protect against present, recognizable, and sufficient harm to the health, safety, or welfare of the public to warrant the regulation proposed;
(iii) Why the proposed licensing or other regulation is the least restrictive regulation necessary to protect against present, recognizable, and sufficient harm to the health, safety, or welfare of the public to warrant the regulation proposed;
(iv)  Why the public cannot be effectively protected by other means;
(v)   Whether the overall cost-effectiveness and economic impact of the proposed regulation, including the direct and indirect costs to consumers, will be outweighed by the benefits of the proposed licensing or other regulation;
(vi)  Whether the proposed licensing or other regulation will have an unreasonably negative effect on job creation, job retention, or wages in the state or will place unreasonable restrictions on the ability of individuals who seek to practice or who are practicing a given profession or occupation to continue to practice or to find employment; and
(vii) Any other relevant information.
(d)  With respect to an application timely received by the legislative services office by May 1:
(i)   By August 1, the legislative services office shall submit a report with factual analysis to the committee and the applicant. Such report shall be made available to the public. Such report shall verify the contents of an application and submitted information and address any other related factual matters, but shall not contain a recommendation.
(ii)  By October 1, the committee shall review such application and submitted information and the associated report prepared by the legislative services office, along with any other relevant information, and hold a meeting to consider such application.
(iii) By November 1, the committee shall prepare a written recommendation as to whether a requested occupation or profession should be licensed in the manner set forth in the application and shall deliver such recommendation to the president pro tempore of the senate and the speaker of the house of representatives for subsequent delivery to the appropriate germane committee chairpersons. Such written recommendation may include nonmandatory suggestions as to how the application, including the proposed legislation, may be improved. An applicant receiving such suggestions shall be encouraged to follow the recommended suggestions of the committee before offering the legislation for introduction during the next legislative session.
(e)  The committee shall conduct sunrise reviews for two (2) years and shall make a report to the first regular session of the sixty-seventh Idaho legislature in 2023. The legislature may take subsequent action to extend the duration of the committee’s sunrise review responsibilities or to make them permanent.
(5)  Beginning in 2022, the committee shall conduct a sunset review of each licensing authority on a rotating basis. Review of a licensing authority shall include review of the existing laws and regulations related to a licensing authority.
(a)  The sunset review process established by this subsection shall be conducted as follows:
(i)   Licensing authorities shall be divided into six (6) groups to be determined by the committee;
(ii)  The committee shall endeavor to review at least one (1) group each year, depending on the priorities and workload of the committee;
(iii) Each licensing authority shall be reviewed at least every five (5) years; and
(iv)  A licensing authority may be reviewed out of order if the governor or a member of the legislature makes a written request to the committee and the cochairs of the committee approve such request.
(b)  After all groups have been reviewed one (1) time, the committee shall continue to review the groups as described in this subsection and according to the priorities and workload of the committee.
(c)  The review process shall include an opportunity for stakeholder participation, in such manner as determined by the committee.
(d)  Upon completion of the review process established in this section, the committee shall issue a report regarding its findings. The report shall include the committee’s findings as to whether, with respect to each licensing authority under consideration:
(i)   The existing licensing or other regulation is necessary to protect against present, recognizable, and sufficient harm to the health, safety, or welfare of the public to warrant the regulation;
(ii)  The existing licensing or other regulation is the least restrictive regulation necessary to protect against present, recognizable, and sufficient harm to the health, safety, or welfare of the public to warrant the regulation proposed;
(iii) The public can be effectively protected by other means;
(iv)  The overall cost-effectiveness and economic impact of the existing licensing or other regulation of the profession or occupation, including the direct and indirect costs to consumers, is outweighed by the benefits of the licensing or other regulation;
(v)   The existing licensing or other regulation has had an unreasonably negative effect on job creation, job retention, or wages in the state or has placed unreasonable restrictions on the ability of individuals who seek to practice or who are practicing a given profession or occupation to continue to practice or to find employment; and
(vi)  Other relevant information should be considered.
(e)  Based on the committee’s findings with respect to the factors provided in paragraph (d) of this subsection with respect to each licensing authority under review, the committee’s report shall include a recommendation as to whether:
(i)   The existing licensing or other regulation should be repealed;
(ii)  The existing licensing or other regulation should be amended to reduce barriers to licensure;
(iii) Other legislative reforms are recommended; or
(iv)  No legislative reforms are recommended.
(f)  The committee is authorized to draft legislation regarding recommended legislative actions, if any, and may attach such draft legislation to its report.
(g)  Upon completion of the review process established in this section, the committee shall deliver its report, along with any related draft legislation, to the president pro tempore of the senate and the speaker of the house of representatives for subsequent delivery to the appropriate germane committee chairs.
(h)  A germane committee of the legislature shall not be bound by a recommendation of the committee.

History:
[67-9408, added 2020, ch. 175, sec. 1, p. 502; am. 2021, ch. 177, sec. 1, p. 490.]


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