COUNTY OPTION KITCHEN AND TABLE WINE ACT
23-1319. Excise tax — Sales included — Refund for export sales — Refund for breakage or spoilage — Distribution of revenue. Upon all wines sold by a distributor or winery to a retailer or consumer and upon all wines sold and shipped directly to Idaho state residents by an out-of-state wine manufacturer holding a wine direct shipper permit under section 23-1309A, Idaho Code, for use within the state of Idaho pursuant to this chapter, there is hereby imposed an excise tax of forty-five cents (45¢) per gallon. Sales of wine by a distributor or winery for the purpose of and resulting in export of wine from this state for resale outside this state shall be exempt from the taxes on wine imposed by this chapter.
(a) Every sale of wine by a distributor to a retailer shall constitute a sale of wine for resale or consumption in this state, whether the sale is made within or without this state, and the distributor shall be liable for the payment of taxes. In every sale of wine by a winery through any of its licensed retail outlets, the winery shall be liable for payment of taxes imposed by this section.
(b) When wine has been destroyed by breakage or has spoiled or otherwise become unfit for beverage purposes prior to payment of taxes on it, the distributor, upon satisfactory proof of destruction or spoilage, shall be entitled to deduct from existing inventories, subject to tax, the amount of wine so destroyed or spoiled.
(c) If the state tax commission determines that any amount due under this chapter has been paid more than once or has been erroneously or illegally collected or computed, the commission shall set forth that fact in its records, and the excess amount paid or collected may be credited on any amount then due and payable to the commission from that person and any balance refunded to the person by whom it was paid or to his successors, administrators, or executors. The commission is authorized and the state board of tax appeals is authorized to order the commission in proper cases to credit or refund such amounts whether or not the payments have been made under protest and certify the refund to the state board of examiners.
(d) No credit or refund shall be allowed or made after three (3) years from the time the payment was made, unless before the expiration of that period a claim is filed by the taxpayer. The three (3) year period allowed by this subsection for making refunds or credit claims shall not apply in cases where the state tax commission asserts a deficiency of tax imposed by law, and taxpayers desiring to appeal or otherwise seek a refund of amounts paid in obedience to deficiencies must do so within the time limits elsewhere prescribed by law.
(e) All revenue received pursuant to this chapter shall be distributed as follows:
(1) An amount of money shall be distributed to the state refund account sufficient to pay current refund claims as authorized in subsection (c) of this section and those moneys are continuously appropriated.
(2) The balance remaining after distributing the amount in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be distributed as follows:
(i) Twelve percent (12%) shall be distributed to the substance abuse treatment fund, which is created in section 23-408, Idaho Code;
(ii) Five percent (5%), based on the sale of out-of-state wine, shall be distributed to the Idaho grape growers and wine producers account;
(iii) Up to eighty-eight percent (88%), based on the sale of Idaho wine, shall be distributed to the Idaho grape growers and wine producers account as follows:
1. In fiscal year 2022, twenty-six percent (26%) based on the sale of Idaho wine;
2. In fiscal year 2023, sixty-two percent (62%) based on the sale of Idaho wine; and
3. In fiscal year 2024 and thereafter, eighty-eight percent (88%) based on the sale of Idaho wine.
(iv) The remainder shall be distributed to the general fund.
(f) Any person who is not a distributor or winery but who makes, whether as principal, agent, or broker, any sales of wine not otherwise taxed under this section and not exempt from such tax shall be liable for payment of taxes imposed by this section. This subsection shall not impose tax on wine sold pursuant to section 23-1336, Idaho Code.
[23-1319, added 1971, ch. 156, sec. 19, p. 760; am. 1980, ch. 239, sec. 5, p. 557; am. 1980, ch. 391, sec. 2, p. 995; am. 1984, ch. 105, sec. 1, p. 244; am. 1984, ch. 221, sec. 9, p. 535; am. 1984, ch. 283, sec. 1, p. 656; am. 1986, ch. 73, sec. 5, p. 205; am. 1988, ch. 156, sec. 1, p. 283; am. 1990, ch. 18, sec. 1, p. 30; am. 1994, ch. 243, sec. 1, p. 762; am. 2006, ch. 29, sec. 2, p. 91; am. 2007, ch. 141, sec. 6, p. 411; am. 2013, ch. 23, sec. 1, p. 44; am. 2021, ch. 233, sec. 3, p. 712.]