BANKS AND BANKING
ORGANIZATION AND CORPORATION POWERS OF BANKS
26-213. Board of directors — Election, meetings, duties, liabilities, oath, removal — Officers — Election and bond. (1) The affairs, business and property of a bank shall be managed and controlled by a board of not less than five (5) directors, who shall be elected by the stockholders at their regular stated annual meetings.
(2) No person shall be eligible to serve as a director of any bank organized or existing under the laws of this state, unless he shall be the owner in his own right of unhypothecated common stock of the bank in the amount of at least five hundred dollars ($500) par value. One (1) or more of the directors of a bank, the majority of the common stock of which is owned by a bank holding company, may satisfy the requirement of this subsection by owning in his own right at least five hundred dollars ($500) of the unhypothecated common stock of the bank holding company, either the par value or the book value.
(3) Any vacancy in the board of directors shall be filled by the board, and any directors so appointed shall hold office until the next annual meeting of stockholders. The board of directors shall, immediately following each annual meeting of stockholders, organize and elect a president, vice president, and cashier, who may also be the secretary and treasurer of the bank, and such other officers as shall be provided for in the bylaws, and shall fix the salary of all officers and employees or delegate such authority to its managing officer or officers. Directors of every bank shall hold at least six (6) meetings per year; provided, no more than ninety (90) days may elapse between board of directors meetings, and complete records of such meetings shall be entered in the minute book and signed by both the chairman and the secretary.
(4) Whenever a vote is taken upon any matter, a record shall be kept and entered in the minutes of those voting in the affirmative and those voting in the negative. At every meeting it shall be the duty of the directors to familiarize themselves with loans and investments made since the previous regular meeting, and any director may request a listing of all loans made since the previous regular meeting. It shall be the duty of the president and cashier to furnish such information to the directors. The directors shall familiarize themselves with the existing liabilities to the bank of every officer and director of their bank at least once during each calendar year. The minutes of the meeting shall record the approval or disapproval of loans, investments and liabilities of officers.
(5) Any director, officer or person who shall participate in any violation of the laws of this state relative to banks or banking shall be liable for all damages which said bank, its stockholders, depositors, or creditors shall sustain in consequence of such violation. It shall be the duty of every director of a bank personally to attend all meetings of the board of directors unless unavoidably detained therefrom. Any director who shall habitually absent himself from such meeting shall be deemed to have participated in any violation of law that may have occurred in his absence, and he shall not be permitted to set up such absence as a defense thereto.
(6) Every director shall take and subscribe an oath that he will diligently and honestly perform his duty in such office and will not knowingly violate or permit a violation of any provisions of the bank act, and such oath of office shall be transmitted to and filed with the department of finance. A director may be removed from office at any time for violation of his oath of office by the affirmative vote of two-thirds (2/3) of the entire board, exclusive of the director to be removed.
(7) Every active officer and employee of any bank in this state shall furnish a surety bond in the penal sum of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) to the bank by which he is employed for the faithful performance of his duties, executed by a surety company authorized to do business in the state of Idaho as a surety. In lieu of the individual surety bonds required by this section, a bank may provide a bankers blanket or financial institution bond in a minimum amount of two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000). The conditions of such bond, whether the instrument so describes the conditions or not, shall be that the principal shall protect the obligee against any loss or liability that the obligee may suffer or incur by reason of the acts of dishonesty of the principal.
(8) In lieu of the bonds required in subsection (7) of this section, a bank may, with the approval of the director of the department of finance, provide to the director a certificate of deposit issued by any other bank in the state of Idaho. The principal amount of the certificate of deposit shall be payable to the director and shall be in an amount to be determined by the director, but not less than two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000). The interest on the certificate of deposit shall be payable to the bank providing the certificate of deposit to the director. The certificate of deposit shall be maintained at all times the bank is authorized to do business under this chapter, and for a period of time thereafter to be determined by the director, but not to exceed three (3) years.
(9) Every bank shall provide adequate insurance protection or indemnity against robbery and burglary and other similar insurable losses.
(10) All surety bonds shall be approved by and filed with the directors. The directors or the director may require an increase of the amount of any such bond whenever either the directors or the director deem necessary for the better protection of the bank.
[26-213, added 1979, ch. 41, sec. 2, p. 73; am. 1986, ch. 316, sec. 1, p. 780; am. 1987, ch. 293, sec. 1, p. 623; am. 1991, ch. 145, sec. 1, p. 344; am. 1993, ch. 53, sec. 1, p. 137; am. 2007, ch. 126, sec. 1, p. 376; am. 2021, ch. 58, sec. 2, p. 187.]