INSURERS SUPERVISION, REHABILITATION AND LIQUIDATION
41-3303. Definitions. For the purposes of this act:
(1) "Ancillary state" means any state other than a domiciliary state.
(2) "Director" means the director of the department of insurance of this state.
(3) "Creditor" is a person having any claim, whether matured or unmatured, liquidated or unliquidated, secured or unsecured, absolute, fixed or contingent.
(4) "Delinquency proceeding" means any proceeding instituted against an insurer for the purpose of liquidating, rehabilitating, reorganizing or conserving such insurer, and any summary proceeding under sections 41-3309 and 41-3310, Idaho Code. "Formal delinquency proceeding" means any liquidation or rehabilitation proceeding.
(5) "Doing business" includes any of the following acts, whether effected by mail or otherwise:
(a) The issuance or delivery of contracts of insurance to persons resident in this state;
(b) The solicitation of applications for such contracts, or other negotiations preliminary to the execution of such contracts;
(c) The collection of premiums, membership fees, assessments, or other consideration for such contracts; or
(d) The transaction of matters subsequent to execution of such contracts and arising out of them.
(e) Operating under a license or certificate of authority, as an insurer, issued by the insurance department.
(6) "Domiciliary state" means the state in which an insurer is incorporated or organized, or, in the case of an alien insurer, its state of entry.
(7) "Fair consideration" is given for property or obligation:
(a) When in exchange for such property or obligation, as a fair equivalent therefor, and in good faith, property is conveyed or services are rendered or an obligation is incurred or an antecedent debt is satisfied; or
(b) When such property or obligation is received in good faith to secure a present advance or antecedent debt in an amount not disproportionately small as compared to the value of the property or obligation obtained.
(8) "Foreign country" means any other jurisdiction not in any state.
(9) "General assets" mean all property, real, personal, or otherwise, not specifically mortgaged, pledged, deposited, or otherwise encumbered for the security or benefit of specified persons or classes of persons. As to specifically encumbered property, "general assets" include all such property or its proceeds in excess of the amount necessary to discharge the sum or sums secured thereby. Assets held in trust and on deposit for the security or benefit of all policyholders or all policyholders and creditors, in more than a single state, shall be treated as general assets.
(10) "Guaranty association" means the Idaho insurance guaranty association created by chapter 36, title 41, Idaho Code, the Idaho life and health insurance guaranty association created by chapter 43, title 41, Idaho Code, and any other similar entity now or hereafter created by the legislature of this state for the payment of claims of insolvent insurers. "Foreign guaranty association" means any similar entities now in existence in or hereafter created by the legislature of any other state.
(11) "Insolvency" or "insolvent" means:
(a) For an insurer issuing only assessable fire insurance policies:
1. The inability to pay any obligation within thirty (30) days after it becomes payable; or
2. If an assessment be made within thirty (30) days after such date, the inability to pay such obligation thirty (30) days following the date specified in the first assessment notice issued after the date of loss.
(b) For any other insurer, that it is unable to pay its obligations when they are due, or when its admitted assets do not exceed its liabilities plus the greater of:
1. Any capital and surplus required by law for its organization; or
2. The total par or stated value of its authorized and issued capital stock.
(c) As to any insurer licensed to do business in this state as of the effective date of this act which does not meet the standard established under paragraph 2, the term "insolvency" or "insolvent" shall mean, for a period not to exceed three (3) years from the effective date of this act, that it is unable to pay its obligations when they are due or that its admitted assets do not exceed its liabilities plus any required capital contribution ordered by the director under provisions of the insurance law.
(d) For purposes of this subsection, "liabilities" shall include, but not be limited to, reserves required by statute or by insurance department general regulations or specific requirements imposed by the director upon a subject company at the time of admission or subsequent thereto.
(12) "Insurer" means any person who has done, purports to do, is doing or is licensed to do an insurance business, and is or has been subject to the authority of, or to liquidation, rehabilitation, reorganization, supervision or conservation by any insurance director. For purposes of this act, any other persons included under section 41-3302, Idaho Code, shall be deemed to be insurers.
(13) "Preferred claim" means any claim with respect to which the terms of this act accord priority of payment from the general assets of the insurer.
(14) "Receiver" means receiver, liquidator, rehabilitator, or conservator as the context requires.
(15) "Reciprocal state" means any state other than this state in which in substance and effect sections 41-3318 (1), 41-3352, 41-3353 and 41-3355 through 41-3357, Idaho Code, are in force, and in which provisions are in force requiring that the director or equivalent official be the receiver of a delinquent insurer, and in which some provision exists for the avoidance of fraudulent conveyances and preferential transfers.
(16) "Secured claim" means any claim secured by mortgage, trust, deed, pledge, deposit as security, escrow, or otherwise, but not including special deposit claims or claims against general assets. The term also includes claims which have become liens upon specific assets by reason of judicial process.
(17) "Special deposit claim" means any claim secured by a deposit made pursuant to statute for the security or benefit of a limited class or classes of persons, but not including any claim secured by general assets.
(18) "State" means any state, district, or territory of the United States and the Panama Canal Zone.
(19) "Transfer" shall include the sale and every other and different mode, direct or indirect, of disposing of or of parting with property or with an interest therein, or with the possession thereof or of fixing a lien upon property or upon an interest therein, absolutely or conditionally, voluntarily, by or without judicial proceedings. The retention of a security title to property delivered to a debtor shall be deemed a transfer suffered by the debtor.
[41-3303, added 1981, ch. 249, sec. 2, p. 504.]