Idaho Statutes

Idaho Statutes are updated to the web July 1 following the legislative session.

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TITLE 49
MOTOR VEHICLES
CHAPTER 1
DEFINITIONS
49-114.  Definitions — M. (1) "Major component part" for vehicles means a rear or rear clip, frame or subframe, body or center, passenger area, cab, front or front end assembly or front clip or nose section or roof of passenger compartment. "Major component part" for vessels means a hull, bow, gunnel, stern or transom, or permanently attached propulsion unit.
(2)  "Manifest" means a form used for identifying the quantity, composition, origin, routing, waste or material identification code and destination of hazardous material or hazardous waste during any transportation within, through, or to any destination in this state.
(3)  "Manufactured home." (See section 39-4105, Idaho Code)
(4)  "Manufacturer" means every person engaged in the business of constructing or assembling vehicles of a type required to be registered at an established place of business in this state. The term, for purposes of sections 49-1613 through 49-1615, 49-1617, 49-1622 and 49-1623, Idaho Code, shall include a distributor and other factory representatives.
(5)  "Manufacturer’s year designation" means the model year designated by the vehicle manufacturer, and not the year in which the vehicle is, in fact, manufactured.
(6)  "Maximum gross weight" means the scale weight of a vehicle, equipped for operation, to which shall be added the maximum load to be carried as declared by the owner in making application for registration. When a vehicle against which a registration fee is assessed is a combination of vehicles, the term "maximum gross weight" means the combined maximum gross weights of all vehicles in the combination.
(7)  "Metal tire." (See "Tires," section 49-121, Idaho Code)
(8)  "Mileage" means actual distance that a vehicle has traveled.
(9)  "Moped" means a limited-speed motor-driven cycle having wheels less than twenty (20) inches in diameter and:
(a)  Motorized propulsion that is not capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed in excess of thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground, whether two (2) or three (3) wheels are in contact with the ground during operation. If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement shall not exceed fifty (50) cubic centimeters and the moped shall have a power drive system that functions directly or automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged; or
(b)  Two (2) wheels or three (3) wheels with no pedals, which is powered solely by electrical energy, has an automatic transmission, a motor which produces less than two (2) gross brake horsepower, is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground and, as originally manufactured, meets federal motor vehicle safety standards for motor-driven cycles. A moped is not required to be titled and no motorcycle endorsement is required for its operator.
A moped does not include an electric-assisted bicycle.
(10) "Motorbike" means a vehicle as defined in section 67-7101, Idaho Code. Such vehicle shall be titled and may be approved for motorcycle registration pursuant to section 49-402, Idaho Code, upon certification by the owner of the installation and use of conversion components that make the motorbike compliant with federal motor vehicle safety standards. A motorbike does not include an electric-assisted bicycle.
(11) "Motorcycle" means every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground or designed to travel on two (2) wheels in contact with the ground which is modified by the addition of two (2) stabilizing wheels on the rear of the motor vehicle, that meets the federal motor vehicle safety standards as originally designed, and includes a converted motorbike, but does not include a motor-driven cycle, a motorbike, a tractor, an electric-assisted bicycle, or a moped.
(12) "Motor carrier" means an individual, partnership, corporation or other legal entity engaged in the transportation by motor vehicle of persons or property in the furtherance of a business or for hire.
(13)  "Motor-driven cycle" means a cycle with a motor that produces five (5) brake horsepower or less as originally manufactured that meets federal motor vehicle safety standards as originally designed, and does not include mopeds or electric-assisted bicycles. Such vehicle shall be titled and a motorcycle endorsement is required for its operation.
(14) "Motor home" means a vehicular unit designed to provide temporary living quarters, built into an integral part or permanently attached to a self-propelled motor vehicle chassis. The vehicle must contain permanently installed independent life support systems that meet the national fire protection association (NFPA) 1192 standard on recreational vehicles, and provide at least four (4) of the following facilities: cooking, refrigeration or icebox, self-contained toilet, heating and/or air conditioning, a potable water supply system, including a faucet and sink, separate 110-125 volt electrical power supply and/or LP-gas supply.
(15) "Motorized wheelchair" means a motor vehicle with a speed not in excess of eight (8) miles per hour, designed for and used by a person with a disability.
(16) "Motor number." (See "Identifying number," section 49-110, Idaho Code)
(17) "Motor vehicle." (See "Vehicle," section 49-123, Idaho Code)
(18) "Motor vehicle liability policy" means an owner’s or operator’s policy of liability insurance, certified as provided in section 49-1210, Idaho Code, as proof of financial responsibility, and issued by an insurance carrier duly authorized to transact business in this state, to or for the benefit of the person named therein as insured.
(19) "Motor vehicle record" means any record that pertains to a motor vehicle registration, motor vehicle title or identification documents or other similar credentials issued by the department or other state or local agency.
(20) "Multiuse path" means a path physically separated from motor vehicle traffic by an open space or barrier and within either a public right-of-way or easement that accommodates two-way nonmotorized travelers including pedestrians, bicyclists, joggers, and skaters.

History:
[49-114, added 1988, ch. 265, sec. 2, p. 560; am. 1989, ch. 285, sec. 2, p. 701; am. 1989, ch. 310, sec. 3, p. 773; am. 1994, ch. 234, sec. 2, p. 732; am. 1995, ch. 339, sec. 1, p. 1120; am. 1997, ch. 80, sec. 5, p. 177; am. 1998, ch. 392, sec. 3, p. 1200; am. 1999, ch. 81, sec. 3, p. 240; am. 1999, ch. 383, sec. 4, p. 1056; am. 2000, ch. 418, sec. 3, p. 1333; am. 2001, ch. 73, sec. 1, p. 155; am. 2005, ch. 145, sec. 1, p. 456; am. 2006, ch. 360, sec. 1, p. 1097; am. 2008, ch. 198, sec. 3, p. 634; am. 2008, ch. 409, sec. 2, p. 1127; am. 2009, ch. 11, sec. 17, p. 26; am. 2010, ch. 235, sec. 35, p. 570; am. 2013, ch. 39, sec. 1, p. 80; am. 2014, ch. 38, sec. 1, p. 66; am. 2019, ch. 84, sec. 3, p. 203.]


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