49-208. Powers of local authorities. (1) The provisions of this title shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities with respect to highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power from:
(a) Regulating or prohibiting stopping, standing or parking;
(b) Regulating traffic by means of peace officers or traffic-control devices;
(c) Regulating or prohibiting processions or assemblages on the highways;
(d) Designating particular highways for use by traffic moving in one (1) direction;
(e) Establishing speed limits for vehicles in public parks;
(f) Designating any highway as a through highway or designating any intersection or junction of highways as a stop or yield intersection or junction;
(h) Regulating or prohibiting the turning of vehicles or specified types of vehicles;
(i) Altering or establishing speed limits;
(j) Designating no-passing zones;
(k) Prohibiting or regulating the use of controlled-access highways by any class or kind of traffic;
(l) Prohibiting or regulating the use of heavily traveled highways by any class or kind of traffic found to be incompatible with the normal and safe movement of traffic;
(m) Establishing minimum speed limits;
(n) Prohibiting pedestrians from crossing a highway in a business district or any designated highway except in a crosswalk;
(o) Restricting pedestrian crossings at unmarked crosswalks;
(p) Establishing the maximum speed of vehicles on a bridge or other elevated structure;
(q) Requiring written accident reports;
(r) Regulating persons propelling pushcarts;
(s) Regulating persons upon skates, coasters, sleds and other toy vehicles;
(t) Adopting and enforcing temporary or experimental regulations as may be necessary to cover emergencies or special conditions;
(u) Prohibiting drivers of ambulances from exceeding maximum speed limits;
(v) Adopting such other traffic regulations as are specifically authorized by this title.
(2) No ordinance or regulation enacted under paragraphs (d) through (p) of subsection (1) of this section shall be effective until traffic-control devices giving notice of local traffic regulations are erected upon or at the entrances to the highway or part affected as may be most appropriate.
(3) No local authority shall erect or maintain any traffic-control device at any location so as to require traffic on any state highway to stop before entering or crossing any intersecting highway unless approval in writing has first been obtained from the department.
(4) Local authorities by ordinance may adopt by reference all or any part of title 49, Idaho Code, without publishing or posting in full the provisions thereof, provided that not less than one (1) copy is available for public use and examination in the office of the clerk.
(5) Local authorities may adopt an ordinance establishing procedures for the abatement and removal of abandoned, junk, dismantled or inoperative vehicles or their parts from private or public property, including highways, provided the ordinance is not in conflict with the provisions of this title.
[49-208, added 1988, ch. 265, sec. 9, p. 578; am. 1990, ch. 45, sec. 13, p. 90; am. 1997, ch. 155, sec. 5, p. 449; am. 2012, ch. 325, sec. 5, p. 903.]