PROFESSIONS, VOCATIONS, AND BUSINESSES
54-2103. Definitions. As used in this chapter:
(1) "Accredited continuing education activity" means a provider and course, seminar, scientific program or any other activity approved by the board or its designees for continuing education credit.
(2) "Accredited or approved school of veterinary medicine" means any veterinary college or division of a university or college inside or outside the United States or Canada that offers the degree of doctor of veterinary medicine, veterinary medicine doctor, or its equivalent and is accredited or approved by the council on education of the American veterinary medical association or other accrediting agency or association approved by the board.
(3) "Allied health professional" means a person holding a current active license, in good standing, in any state to practice one (1) of the healing arts including, but not limited to, medicine, dentistry, osteopathy, chiropractic, acupuncture and podiatry.
(4) "Anesthetized" means any condition of general anesthesia, caused by the administration of a drug or combination of drugs in sufficient quantity to produce a state of unconsciousness or disassociation and blocked response to a given pain or alarm stimulus.
(5) "Animal" means any animal other than man and includes fowl, birds, fish and reptiles, wild or domestic, living or dead.
(6) "Assistant" means any individual, other than a certified veterinary technician or a licensed veterinarian, who is utilized by a licensed veterinarian to assist in the performance of acts pertaining to the practice of veterinary medicine.
(7) "Board" means the state board of veterinary medicine.
(8) "Certified euthanasia agency" or "CEA" means a law enforcement agency, an animal control agency or a society for the prevention of cruelty to animals that has been inspected and certified by the committee on humane euthanasia or the board.
(9) "Certified euthanasia technician" or "CET" means a person employed by a certified euthanasia agency who is instructed and certified by the committee on humane euthanasia or the board as defined in the rules of the board, but not to include an individual employed as a technician by animal research laboratories.
(10) "Certified veterinary technician" means a person who has fulfilled the certification requirements prescribed by board rule and has been certified by the board to practice veterinary technology in this state.
(11) "Consultation" means a deliberation between two (2) or more veterinarians concerning the diagnosis of a disease or the proper management of the case.
(12) "Credit hour" means fifty (50) minutes of participation in an accredited continuing education activity.
(13) "Dentistry" is the practice of veterinary medicine and means the application or use of any instrument or device to any portion of an animal’s tooth, gum or any related tissue for the prevention, cure or relief of any wound, fracture, injury, disease or other condition of an animal’s tooth, gum or related tissue. Dentistry includes, but is not limited to:
(a) "Preventive dental procedures" including, but not limited to, the removal of calculus, soft deposits, plaque, stains, and floating to shape the teeth above the gum line or the smoothing, filing or polishing of tooth surfaces above the gum line; and
(b) "Operative dentistry/oral surgery" or any other dental procedure that invades the hard or soft oral tissue, including a procedure that alters the structure of one (1) or more teeth or repairs damaged and diseased teeth or the deliberate extraction of one (1) or more teeth.
(14) "Direct supervision" means the supervising veterinarian is on the premises where the animal is being treated, is quickly and easily available, and the animal has been examined by the supervising veterinarian as acceptable veterinary medical practice requires.
(15) "Discipline" means board action including, but not limited to:
(a) Refusing to issue, renew or reinstate a license, permit or certification to practice as a licensed veterinarian, a certified veterinary technician, a certified euthanasia agency or a certified euthanasia technician;
(b) Denial, revocation, suspension, sanction, probation or voluntary surrender of a license, permit or certification to practice as a licensed veterinarian, a certified veterinary technician, a certified euthanasia agency or a certified euthanasia technician;
(c) The ability to enter into consent agreements and negotiated settlements with licensed veterinarians, certified veterinary technicians, certified euthanasia agencies and certified euthanasia technicians;
(d) The ability to bring an administrative or civil action against any person in or outside of this state who practices veterinary medicine or veterinary technology or who performs euthanasia within this state.
(16) "Emergency" means that the animal has been placed in a life-threatening condition where immediate treatment is necessary to sustain life.
(17) "Emergency veterinary facility" means any facility with the primary function of receiving, treating, and monitoring emergency patients during its specified hours of operation or that displays to the public any sign, card, or advertisement that indicates it is an emergency veterinary clinic or hospital. An emergency veterinary facility may be an independent after-hours service, an independent twenty-four (24) hour service, or part of a full-service veterinary medical facility.
(18) "Committee on humane euthanasia" means a committee established by the board for the purposes of training, examining, certifying and inspecting certified euthanasia agencies and certified euthanasia technicians.
(19) "Extra label use" means the actual or intended use of a human or veterinary drug in an animal in a manner that is not in accordance with the drug’s labeling.
(20) "Floating" means shaping the posterior (cheek) teeth and the incisors (cutting teeth) in horses, mules and donkeys through the use of hand floats, rasps, burs, mechanical files or other file-like instruments to restore balance, allow more efficient mastication, and reduce pain and trauma to the periodontal tissues.
(21) "Herd," "litter," or "flock" of animals means animals managed as a group for purposes including, but not limited to, breeding, sale, show or food production.
(22) "In good standing" means, when used in reference to an applicant for licensure or certification, that an applicant:
(a) Has not been the recipient of any administrative penalties regarding the practice of veterinary medicine including, but not limited to, fines, formal reprimands, license suspensions or revocations (except for license revocations for nonpayment of license renewal fees) or probationary limitations, or has not entered into any consent agreement or negotiated settlement that contains conditions placed by a board on the applicant’s professional conduct and practice, including any voluntary surrender of a license; and
(b) Has never had privileges restricted or revoked by the United States drug enforcement administration; and
(c) Is not currently under investigation by another veterinary licensing authority for acts that would provide a basis for disciplinary action in this state, as determined by the board; and
(d) Has no physical or mental impairment related to drugs or alcohol or a finding of mental incompetence by a physician that would limit the applicant’s ability to undertake the practice of veterinary medicine in a manner consistent with the safety of a patient or the public; and
(e) Has no criminal conviction record or pending criminal charge relating to an offense, the circumstances of which substantially relate to the practice of veterinary medicine or deemed relevant in accordance with section 67-9411(1), Idaho Code. Applicants who have criminal conviction records or pending criminal charges shall require appropriate authorities to provide information about the record or charge directly to the board in sufficient detail to enable the board to make a determination whether the record or charge is substantially related to the practice of veterinary medicine.
(23) "Indirect supervision" means the supervising veterinarian is not on the premises but is available for immediate contact by telephone, radio or other means, has given either written or oral instructions for treatment of the animal patient, the animal has been examined by the supervising veterinarian as acceptable veterinary medical practice requires, and the animal, if previously anesthetized, has recovered to the point of being conscious and sternal.
(24) "Legend/prescription drug" means any drug that, under federal law, regulation or rule, is required, prior to being distributed or delivered, to be labeled with one (1) of the following statements: "Caution: Federal law restricts this drug to be used by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian," or "Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensing without a prescription," or "Rx Only," or a drug that is required by any applicable state or federal law, rule or regulation to be distributed or dispensed pursuant to a prescription only or is restricted to use by licensed practitioners only.
(25) "Licensed veterinarian" means a person who is validly and currently licensed to practice veterinary medicine in this state.
(26) "Malpractice" means, but is not limited to:
(a) Treatment in a manner contrary to accepted veterinary practices and with injurious results; or
(b) Any professional misconduct or unreasonable lack of professional skill or fidelity in the performance of the professional practice of veterinary medicine; or
(c) Failure to provide adequate supervision, except in an emergency situation; or
(d) Allowing an unqualified individual to perform a procedure that is part of the practice of veterinary medicine; or
(e) The negligent practice of veterinary medicine, as determined by the standard of practice for the area, that results in injury, unnecessary suffering or death.
(27) "Medical incompetence" means lacking in sufficient medical knowledge or skills or both to a degree likely to endanger the health of patients.
(28) "Mobile clinic" means a vehicle including, but not limited to, a camper, motor home, trailer or mobile home used as a veterinary medical facility. A mobile clinic is not required for house calls or farm calls.
(29) "On-call emergency service" means a veterinary medical facility that is available to provide emergency veterinary services as requested if a veterinarian is available.
(30) "Owner/ownership" means ownership as defined by the laws of property and ownership, chapter 1, title 55, Idaho Code.
(31) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, association, joint venture, cooperative and corporation, or any other group or combination acting in concert, and whether or not acting as principal, trustee, fiduciary, receiver, or as any other kind of legal or personal representative, or as the successor in interest, assignee, agent, factor, servant, employee, director, officer, or any other representative of such person.
(32) "Physical or mental incompetence" means the veterinarian’s ability to practice veterinary medicine with reasonable skill and safety is impaired by reason of illness, excessive use of alcohol, drugs, narcotics, chemicals or any other substance, or as a result of any mental or physical disability.
(33) "Practice of veterinary medicine" in this state, through telephonic, electronic or other means, regardless of the location of the veterinarian, includes veterinary surgery, obstetrics, dentistry, and all other branches or specialties of veterinary medicine and means:
(a) To directly or indirectly diagnose, treat, correct, change, relieve or prevent animal disease, deformity, defect, injury or other physical or mental conditions, including the prescribing, dispensing, delivering or administering of any drug, medicine, biologic, apparatus application, anesthetic or other therapeutic or diagnostic substance or technique, or the use of any obstetrical procedure or any manual or mechanical procedure for artificial insemination, for testing or examining for pregnancy, fertility evaluation, embryo transplant, grading of fresh semen, or to render advice or recommendation with regard to any act described in this paragraph.
(b) To represent, directly or indirectly, publicly or privately, an ability and willingness to do any act described in paragraph (a) of this subsection.
(c) To use any title, words, abbreviations or letter in a manner or under circumstances that induce the belief that the person using them is qualified to do any act described in paragraph (a) of this subsection, except where such person is a licensed veterinarian.
(34) "Professional supervision" means the supervising veterinarian is in daily contact by telephone, radio or other means with the temporary licensee.
(35) "Referral" means the transfer of responsibility for diagnosis and treatment from the referring veterinarian to the receiving veterinarian, or from the referring veterinarian to the board-certified specialist, or from the referring veterinarian to an allied health professional.
(36) "Regular employee" means a person who performs services for the animal’s owner other than, or in addition to, feeding, boarding, castrating and dehorning, but does not include independent contractors or agents.
(37) "Supervision" means the action or process of a supervising veterinarian in directing activities or a course of action for those individuals to whom activities or functions have been assigned or delegated.
(38) "Supervising veterinarian" means a licensed veterinarian utilizing the services of a temporary licensee, certified veterinary technician, veterinary technician, veterinary technician with a temporary certification, veterinary assistant, certified euthanasia technician, or as provided by the rules of the board. A supervising veterinarian shall be individually responsible and liable, regardless of the supervision provided, for all damages arising out of the veterinarian’s own acts or omissions and for the performance of any acts and omissions pertaining to the practice of veterinary medicine that are delegated to the temporary licensee, certified veterinary technician, veterinary technician, veterinary assistant or certified euthanasia technician. Nothing herein shall be construed to deprive the board of its disciplinary authority with respect to temporary licensees, certified veterinary technicians, veterinary technicians, veterinary assistants or certified euthanasia technicians.
(39) "Unethical or unprofessional conduct" means to knowingly engage in conduct of a character likely to deceive or defraud the public, false or misleading advertising or solicitation, obtaining any fee or compensation by fraud or misrepresentation, sharing office space and working in conjunction with any person illegally practicing veterinary medicine, employing either indirectly or directly an unlicensed or uncertified person to perform acts pertaining to the practice of veterinary medicine, except as provided by law or rule, or the violation of any law or rules of the board pertaining to unethical or unprofessional conduct or that provide a code of professional conduct to be followed and carried out by persons licensed or certified by the board.
(40) "Unlicensed practice" means:
(a) The practice of veterinary medicine in this state, through telephonic, electronic or other means, regardless of the location of the veterinarian, without a valid, unexpired, unrevoked, and unsuspended active license or certification in this state to do so, except as provided by law or rule; or
(b) Representing oneself through offerings, advertisements or use of professional titles or designations as being qualified to practice veterinary medicine.
(41) "Veterinarian" means a person who has received a doctor’s degree in veterinary medicine from an accredited or approved school of veterinary medicine or as otherwise provided by law or rule.
(42) "Veterinarian on call" means a veterinarian is not present at the veterinary medical facility but is able to respond within a reasonable time to requests for emergency veterinary services.
(43) "Veterinarian on premises" means a veterinarian is present at the veterinary medical facility and is prepared and qualified to render veterinary services.
(44) "Veterinary medical facility" means any premises, office, unit, structure, mobile unit, or area utilized for the practice of veterinary medicine other than the premises of an owner when used for treatment of the owner’s animal.
(45) "Veterinary technician" means a person who has graduated from a veterinary technology program accredited or approved by the committee on veterinary technician education and activities of the American veterinary medical association or other accrediting agency approved by the board or a person who has received equivalent training as set forth in the rules of the board.
(46) "Veterinary technology" means the performance of services within the practice of veterinary medicine by a person working under the direction of a supervising veterinarian to perform duties that require an understanding of veterinary medicine in order to carry out the orders of the veterinarian. Veterinary technology does not include prognosis, diagnosis, operative dentistry, deliberate tooth extraction procedures, or the prescribing of treatment or performing surgery of any kind.
[54-2103, added 1971, ch. 173, sec. 3, p. 812; am. 1983, ch. 139, sec. 3, p. 337; am. 1990, ch. 111, sec. 2, p. 223; am. 1991, ch. 138, sec. 1, p. 326; am. 1995, ch. 62, sec. 1, p. 145; am. 2000, ch. 122, sec. 1, p. 269; am. 2001, ch. 149, sec. 1, p. 525; am. 2006, ch. 139, sec. 1, p. 395; am. 2007, ch. 54, sec. 1, p. 126; am. 2009, ch. 82, sec. 1, p. 229; am. 2010, ch. 105, sec. 1, p. 207; am. 2013, ch. 79, sec. 1, p. 194; am. 2013, ch. 290, sec. 1, p. 762; am. 2016, ch. 119, sec. 1, p. 343; am. 2020, ch. 175, sec. 25, p. 529; am. 2021, ch. 40, sec. 1, p. 92.]