WORKER’S COMPENSATION AND RELATED LAWS — INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION
EMPLOYMENT SECURITY LAW
72-1316A. Exempt employment. "Exempt employment" means service performed:
(1) By an individual in the employ of his spouse or child.
(2) By a person under the age of twenty-one (21) years in the employ of his father or mother.
(3) By an individual under the age of twenty-two (22) years who is enrolled as a student in a full-time program at an accredited nonprofit or public education institution for which credit at such institution is earned in a program which combines academic instruction with work experience. This subsection shall not apply to service performed in a program established at the request of an employer or group of employers.
(4) In the employ of the United States government or an instrumentality of the United States exempt under the constitution of the United States from the contributions imposed by this chapter.
(5) In the employ of a governmental entity in the exercise of duties:
(a) As an elected official;
(b) As a member of a legislative body, or a member of the judiciary, of a state or political subdivision thereof;
(c) As a member of the state national guard or air national guard;
(d) As an employee serving on a temporary basis in case of fire, storm, snow, earthquake, flood, or similar emergency;
(e) In a position which, pursuant to the laws of this state, is designated as (i) a major nontenured policymaking or advisory position, or (ii) a policymaking or advisory position which ordinarily does not require more than eight (8) hours per week; or
(f) As an election official or election worker including, but not limited to, a poll worker, an election judge, an election clerk or any other member of an election board, if the amount of remuneration received by the individual during the calendar year for services as an election official or election worker is less than one thousand dollars ($1,000).
(6) By an inmate of a correctional, custodial or penal institution, if such services are performed for or within such institution.
(7) In the employ of:
(a) A church or convention or association of churches; or
(b) An organization which is operated primarily for religious purposes and which is operated, supervised, controlled, or principally supported by a church, or convention or association of churches; or
(c) In the employ of an institution of higher education, if it is devoted primarily to preparation of a student for the ministry or training candidates to become members of a religious order; or
(d) By a duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed minister of a church in the exercise of his ministry or by a member of a religious order in the exercise of duties required by such order.
(8) By a program participant in a facility that provides rehabilitation for individuals whose earning capacity is impaired by age, physical or mental limitation, or injury or provides remunerative work for individuals who, because of their impaired physical or mental capacity, cannot be readily absorbed into the labor market.
(9) As part of an unemployment work relief program or as part of an unemployment work training program assisted or financed in whole or in part by any federal agency or an agency of a state or political subdivision thereof, by an individual receiving such work relief or work training.
(10) Service with respect to which unemployment insurance is payable under an unemployment insurance system established by an act of congress other than the social security act.
(11) As a student nurse in the employ of a hospital or nurses’ training school by an individual who is enrolled and is regularly attending courses in a nurses’ training school approved pursuant to state law, and service performed as an intern in the employ of a hospital by an individual who has completed a course in a medical school approved pursuant to state law.
(12) By an individual under the age of eighteen (18) years in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping news not including delivery or distribution to any point for subsequent delivery or distribution.
(13) By an individual for a person as an insurance agent or as an insurance solicitor, if all such service performed by such individual for such person is performed for remuneration solely by way of commission.
(14) By an individual for a real estate broker as an associate real estate broker or as a real estate salesman, if all such service performed by such individual for such person is performed for remuneration solely by way of commission.
(15) Service covered by an election approved by the agency charged with the administration of any other state or federal unemployment insurance law, in accordance with an arrangement pursuant to section 72-1344, Idaho Code.
(16) In the employ of a school or college by a student who is enrolled and regularly attending classes at such school or college.
(17) In the employ of a hospital by a resident patient of such hospital.
(18) By a member of an AmeriCorps program.
(19) By an individual who is paid less than fifty dollars ($50.00) per calendar quarter for performing work that is not in the course of the employer’s trade or business, and who is not regularly employed by such employer to perform such service. For the purposes of this subsection, an individual shall be deemed to be regularly employed by an employer during a calendar quarter only if:
(a) On each of some twenty-four (24) days during such quarter such individual performs for such employer for some portion of the day service not in the course of the employer’s trade or business; or
(b) Such individual was so employed by such employer in the performance of such service during the preceding calendar quarter.
(20) By an individual who is engaged in the trade or business of selling or soliciting the sale of consumer products in a private home or a location other than in a permanent retail establishment, provided the following criteria are met:
(a) Substantially all the remuneration, whether or not received in cash, for the performance of the services is directly related to sales or other output, including the performance of services, rather than to the number of hours worked; and
(b) The services performed by the individual are performed pursuant to a written contract between the individual and the person for whom the services are performed, and the contract provides that the individual shall not be treated as an employee for federal and state tax purposes.
Such exemption applies solely to the individual’s engagement in the trade or business of selling or soliciting the sale of consumer products in a private home or location other than in a permanent retail establishment.
(21) By a person who operates a motor vehicle that: (a) such person owns or holds pursuant to a bona fide lease; and (b) is leased to a motor carrier as defined in 49 U.S.C. section 13102, pursuant to a written contract, and in no event will the motor carrier be determined to be the covered employer of such person or the covered employer of an employee of such person.
[72-1316A, added 1977, ch. 179, sec. 4, p. 472, am. 1978, ch. 112, sec. 1, p. 233; am. 1979, ch. 110, sec. 1, p. 348; am. 1982, ch. 326, sec. 4, p. 810; am. 1993, ch. 119, sec. 2, p. 300; am. 1997, ch. 363, sec. 1, p. 1070; am. 1998, ch. 1, sec. 18, p. 14; am. 2005, ch. 5, sec. 2, p. 6; am. 2009, ch. 70, sec. 1, p. 204.; am. 2010, ch. 235, sec. 71, p. 605; am. 2013, ch. 261, sec. 1, p. 637; am. 2015, ch. 176, sec. 1, p. 575.]