DEALERS AND SALESMEN LICENSING
49-1610. Right of action for loss by fraud — Process. (1) If any person shall suffer any loss or damage by reason of any fraud practiced on him or fraudulent representation made to him by a licensed dealer or one (1) of the dealer’s salesmen acting for the dealer, in his behalf or within the scope of the employment of salesman, or shall suffer any loss or damage by reason of the violation by the dealer or salesman of any of the provisions of this chapter, or chapter 5, title 49, Idaho Code, or section 49-1418, Idaho Code, or chapter 6, title 48, Idaho Code, or any applicable rule or regulation of the board, or federal odometer law or regulation, that person shall have a right of action against the dealer and his salesman.
(2) Notwithstanding the terms, provisions or conditions of any agreement or franchise, or other terms or provisions of any novation, waiver or other written instrument, any person who is or may be injured by a violation of a provision of this chapter, or any party to a franchise who is so injured in his business or property by a violation of a provision of this chapter relating to that franchise, or any person so injured because he refuses to accede to a proposal for an arrangement which, if consummated, would be in violation of the provisions of this chapter, may bring an action for damages and equitable relief, including injunctive relief.
(3) A license or a renewal shall not be issued to any applicant unless and until the applicant shall file with the director a good and sufficient instrument in writing in which he shall appoint the director as the true and lawful agent of the applicant upon whom all process may be served in any action or actions which may subsequently be commenced against the applicant arising out of any claim for damages suffered by any person by reason of the violation of the applicant of any of the terms and provisions of this chapter or provisions of chapter 5, title 49, section 49-1418, or chapter 6, title 48, Idaho Code, or of federal motor vehicle safety standards, or federal odometer laws and regulations. The applicant shall stipulate and agree in the appointment that any process directed to the applicant in such a case which is served upon the director, or in his absence his designee, shall be of the same legal force and effect as if served upon the applicant personally. The applicant shall further stipulate and agree in writing that the agency created by the appointment shall continue for and during the period covered by any license that may be issued and so long thereafter as the applicant may be made to answer in damages for a violation of the provisions of this chapter. The instrument appointing the director as agent for the applicant for service of process shall be acknowledged by the applicant before an officer authorized to take and certify acknowledgments under the laws of this state. In any case wherein the licensee be served with process by service upon the director, two (2) copies of the process shall be left with the director. Not later than two (2) days after the service of the process upon him, the director shall mail one (1) copy to the licensee at his principal place of business, as the same appears of record in the office of the director, postpaid, by certified mail with request for return receipt. The remaining copy shall be retained on file with the director. The licensee shall then have and be allowed thirty (30) days from and after the service within which to answer any complaint or other pleading which may be filed in the cause. For the purpose of venue where the licensee is served with process upon the director, the service shall be deemed to have been made upon the licensee in the county in which he has or last had his principal place of business.
(4) Whenever any person is awarded a final judgment in a court of competent jurisdiction in the state of Idaho for any loss or damage by reason of the violation by such dealer or salesman of any of the provisions of this chapter, chapter 5, title 49, section 49-1418, or chapter 6, title 48, Idaho Code, or any rule or regulation of the department in connection with the purchase of a vehicle, or federal motor vehicle safety standards, or in connection with the purchase of a vehicle if the loss or damage is a result of odometer tampering, or odometer fraud, the judgment creditor may file a verified claim with the corporate surety who has provided the dealer’s surety bond, or with the chairman of the dealer advisory board where the dealer has deposited with the director a cash bond or certificate of deposit.
(a) The claim shall be filed no sooner than thirty (30) days and no later than one (1) year after the judgment has become final.
(b) The claim shall:
1. Be accompanied by a certified copy of the judgment;
2. State the amount of the claim if different from the judgment amount; and
3. State that demand has been made upon the dealer for payment of the judgment, and the dealer has failed to pay the judgment in full within thirty (30) days.
(5) Where a dealer has satisfied the bonding requirement with cash or a certificate of deposit, the chairman shall make written notification to the dealer against whom the judgment was obtained, that a claim has been made. The dealer may, within ten (10) days from the date of receipt of the notice, submit written objections to the dealer advisory board as to why the judgment should not be satisfied from the cash deposit or certificate of deposit.
(6) Within sixty (60) days from the date the claim was filed with the dealer advisory board, if it has found the claimant complied with the provisions of subsection (4) of this section, the board shall authorize the director to satisfy the judgment from the dealer’s deposited funds in so far as he is able. Upon receipt of any payment, the claimant shall deliver a properly executed satisfaction of judgment or a partial satisfaction of judgment to the director. If additional claims have been filed prior to payment, or the chairman of the dealer advisory board has knowledge that additional claims are pending which may exceed the amount of the bond, the chairman may delay any payments until all claims are finalized. If the claims exceed the amount of the bond, the deposited funds shall be prorated among the claimants based on the amount of their judgments.
(7) A judgment against a dealer or salesman for violation of the provisions of this chapter, rules and regulations of the department, the provisions of chapter 5, title 49, section 49-1418, or chapter 6, title 48, Idaho Code, the federal motor vehicle safety standards or odometer fraud, shall be grounds for revocation of the dealer and the salesman’s licenses.
(8) The Idaho transportation board is authorized to promulgate reasonable rules and regulations not inconsistent with this chapter for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of section 49-1610, Idaho Code [this section].
(9) Should a dealer’s license be revoked, voluntarily surrendered or not renewed, leaving funds on deposit with the department, those funds shall be refunded within thirty (30) days after the expiration of a five (5) year period from the date of revocation, surrender, or nonrenewal of the license unless the dealer advisory board has been notified in writing that a claim or cause of action is pending. In that case, the refund, if any, will be made upon the resolution of the claim or claims. In no case shall the dealer advisory board, the department, the state of Idaho, or any of their employees or agents be liable to any claimant for any amounts other than the funds deposited by the dealer.
[49-1610, added 1988, ch. 265, sec. 383, p. 767; am. 1989, ch. 310, sec. 29, p. 801; am. 1991, ch. 272, sec. 12, p. 700.]