DEALERS AND SALESMEN LICENSING
49-1638. Manufacturer incentive programs for motor vehicle dealers. (1) A manufacturer or distributor shall pay a motor vehicle dealer’s claim for payment or other compensation due under a manufacturer incentive program within thirty (30) business days after receiving the claim, unless the claim is disapproved by written notice, with reasons stated, within thirty (30) business days of receipt of the dealer’s claim. A claim that is not disapproved or disallowed in writing within thirty (30) business days after the manufacturer or distributor receives the claim is deemed automatically approved.
(2) A manufacturer shall not deny a claim based solely on a motor vehicle dealer’s incidental failure to comply with a specific claim processing requirement, such as a clerical error or other administrative technicality that does not put into question the legitimacy of the claim.
(3) A dealer shall have sixty (60) days from the date of notification by a manufacturer or distributor of a denial or a charge-back to the dealer to resubmit a claim for payment or compensation if the claim was denied for a dealer’s incidental failure as set forth in subsection (2) of this section, whether the charge-back was a direct or an indirect transaction.
(4) A motor vehicle dealer has ninety (90) days after the expiration of a manufacturer or distributor incentive program, or such longer time as provided by the franchise agreement, whichever is greater, to submit a claim for payment or compensation under the program.
(5) Notwithstanding the terms of a franchise agreement or other contract with a dealer and except as provided in subsection (6) of this section, after the expiration of one (1) year after the date of payment of the vehicle claim, a manufacturer or distributor shall not:
(a) Charge back to a motor vehicle dealer, whether directly or indirectly, the amount of a claim that has been approved and paid by the manufacturer or distributor under an incentive program;
(b) Charge back to a motor vehicle dealer, whether directly or indirectly, the cash value of a prize or other thing of value awarded to the dealer under an incentive program; or
(c) Audit the records of a motor vehicle dealer to determine compliance with the terms of an incentive program.
(6) A manufacturer or distributor may make charge-backs to a motor vehicle dealer if, after completion of an audit of the dealer’s records, the manufacturer or distributor can show, by a preponderance of the evidence, that:
(a) With respect to a claim under a service incentive program, the repair work was improperly performed in a substandard manner or was unnecessary; or
(b) The claim is unsubstantiated in accordance with the manufacturer’s or distributor’s reasonable requirements.
(7) Notwithstanding subsections (5) and (6) of this section, a manufacturer or distributor may make charge-backs to a motor vehicle dealer for fraud at any time permitted by section 5-218, Idaho Code.
[49-1638, added 2007, ch. 251, sec. 1, p. 736.]