Idaho Statutes
pecnv.out

TITLE 18
CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS
CHAPTER 5
PAIN-CAPABLE UNBORN CHILD PROTECTION ACT
18-502.  DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this chapter:
(1)  "Abortion" means the use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug or other substance or device to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant with an intention other than to increase the probability of a live birth, to preserve the life or health of the child after live birth or to remove a dead unborn child who died as the result of natural causes in utero, accidental trauma, or a criminal assault on the pregnant woman or her unborn child, and which causes the premature termination of the pregnancy;
(2)  "Attempt to perform or induce an abortion" means an act, or an omission of a statutorily required act, that, under the circumstances as the actor believes them to be, constitutes a substantial step in a course of conduct planned to culminate in the performance or induction of an abortion in this state in violation of the provisions of this chapter;
(3)  "Fertilization" means the fusion of a human spermatozoon with a human ovum;
(4)  "Medical emergency" means a condition that, in reasonable medical judgment, so complicates the medical condition of the pregnant woman as to necessitate the immediate abortion of her pregnancy without first determining postfertilization age to avert her death or for which a delay will create a serious risk of substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function, not including psychological or emotional conditions. No condition shall be deemed a medical emergency if based on a claim or diagnosis that the woman will engage in conduct that she intends to result in her death or in substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function;
(5)  "Physician" means any person licensed to practice medicine and surgery or osteopathic medicine under chapter 18, title 54, Idaho Code;
(6)  "Postfertilization age" means the age of the unborn child as calculated from the fertilization of the human ovum;
(7)  "Probable postfertilization age of the unborn child" means what, in reasonable medical judgment, will with reasonable probability be the postfertilization age of the unborn child at the time the abortion is planned to be performed;
(8)  "Reasonable medical judgment" means a medical judgment that would be made by a reasonably prudent physician, knowledgeable about the case and the treatment possibilities with respect to the medical conditions involved;
(9)  "Unborn child" or "fetus" means an individual organism of the species homo sapiens from fertilization until live birth; and
(10)  "Woman" means a female human being whether or not she has reached the age of majority.

History:
[18-502, added 2011, ch. 324, sec. 1, p. 945.]


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