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     Idaho Statutes

Idaho Statutes are updated to the website July 1 following the legislative session.


49-117.  Definitions — P. (1) "Park" or "parking" means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, other than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.
(2)  "Park model recreational vehicle" means a recreational vehicle that is designed to provide temporary accommodations for recreational, camping or seasonal use, is built on a single chassis, was originally mounted on wheels, has a gross trailer area not exceeding four hundred (400) square feet in the set-up mode and is certified by its manufacturer as complying with the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) A119.5 Standard for Recreational Park Trailers, and includes park models, park trailers and recreational park trailers.
(3)  "Part-time salesman" means any person employed as a vehicle salesman on behalf of a dealer fewer than thirty (30) hours per week.
(4)  "Peace officer." (See section 19-5101(d), Idaho Code)
(5)  "Pedestrian" means any person afoot and any person operating a wheelchair or a motorized wheelchair or an electric personal assistive mobility device.
(6)  "Pedestrian path" means any path, sidewalk or way set aside and used exclusively by pedestrians.
(7)(a)  "Person" means every natural person, firm, fiduciary, copartnership, association, corporation, trustee, receiver or assignee for the benefit of creditors, political subdivision, state or federal governmental department, agency, or instrumentality and, for the purposes of chapter 22, title 49, Idaho Code, shall include a private, common or contract carrier operating a vehicle on any highway of this state.
(b)  "Person with a disability" means:
(i)   A person who is unable to walk two hundred (200) feet or more unassisted by another person;
(ii)  A person who is unable to walk two hundred (200) feet or more without the aid of a walker, cane, crutches, braces, prosthetic device or a wheelchair; or
(iii) A person who is unable to walk two hundred (200) feet or more without great difficulty or discomfort due to the following impairments: neurological, orthopedic, respiratory, cardiac, arthritic disorder, blindness, or the loss of function or absence of a limb.
(iv)  For the purposes of chapters 3 and 4, title 49, Idaho Code, a person with a permanent disability is one whose physician certifies that the person qualifies as a person with a disability pursuant to this paragraph and further certifies that there is no expectation for a fundamental or marked change in the person’s condition at any time in the future.
(8)  "Personal delivery device" means an electrically powered device that is operated on sidewalks, crosswalks, and the sides or berms of highways and is intended primarily to transport property; weighs less than five hundred fifty (550) pounds, excluding cargo; operates at a maximum speed of ten (10) miles per hour when on sidewalks; and is equipped with technology to allow for operation of the device with or without the active control or monitoring of a natural person. A personal delivery device shall not be defined as a vehicle or motor vehicle in any section of the law, unless expressly so stated.
(9)  "Personal delivery device operator" means an entity or its agent that exercises direct physical control or monitoring over the navigation system and operation of a personal delivery device. For the purposes of this subsection, the term "agent" means a person charged by the entity with the responsibility of navigating, monitoring, or operating the personal delivery device. The term "personal delivery device operator" does not include an entity or person who requests the services of a personal delivery device for the purpose of transporting property or an entity, nor does it include a person who merely arranges for and dispatches the requested services of a personal delivery device.
(10) "Personal information" means information that identifies an individual, including an individual’s photograph or computerized image, social security number, driver identification number, name, address, telephone number, and medical or disability information, but does not include information on vehicular accidents, driving or equipment-related violations, the five-digit zip code of the person’s address, or status of the driver’s license or motor vehicle registration.
(11) "Pneumatic tire." (See "tires," section 49-121, Idaho Code)
(12) "Pole trailer." (See "trailer," section 49-121, Idaho Code)
(13) "Possessory lien" means a lien dependent upon possession for compensation to which a person is legally entitled for making repairs or performing labor upon, and furnishing supplies or materials for, and for the towing, storage, repair, or safekeeping of any vehicle of a type subject to registration.
(14) "Possessory lienholder" means any person claiming a lien, which lien claimed to have accrued on a basis of services rendered to the vehicle that is the subject of the lien.
(15) "Preceding year" means, for the purposes of section 49-434, Idaho Code, a period of twelve (12) consecutive months fixed by the department, prior to July 1 of the year immediately preceding the commencement of the registration or license year for which proportional registration is sought. The department in fixing the period shall make it conform to the terms, conditions and requirements of any applicable agreement or arrangement for the proportional registration of vehicles.
(16) "Pressure regulator valve" means a device or system that governs the load distribution and controls the weight borne by a variable load suspension axle in accordance with a predetermined valve setting.
(17) "Principal place of business" means an enclosed commercial structure located within the state, easily accessible and open to the public at all reasonable times, with an improved display area large enough to display five (5) or more vehicles of the type the dealer is licensed to sell, immediately adjoining the building, and at which the business of a dealership, including the display and repair of vehicles, may be lawfully carried on in accordance with the terms of all applicable building codes, zoning and other land-use regulatory ordinances, and in which building the public shall be able to contact the dealer or his salesmen in person or by telephone at all reasonable times. The books, records and files necessary to conduct the business of the dealership must be kept or reproduced electronically at the dealership’s licensed location(s). A dealership keeping its physical books, records and files at an off-site location must notify the department in writing of such location at least thirty (30) days in advance of moving such books, records and files off-site. Physical books, records and files must be made available to the department upon request within three (3) business days of such request. The principal place of business shall display an exterior sign permanently affixed to the land or building, with letters clearly visible to the major avenue of traffic. In no event shall a room or rooms in a hotel, rooming house, or apartment house building or a part of any single or multiple unit dwelling house be considered a "principal place of business" within the terms and provisions of this title unless the entire ground floor of that hotel, apartment house, or rooming house building or dwelling house be devoted principally to and occupied for commercial purposes, and the office or offices of the dealer be located on the ground floor.
(18) "Private property open to the public" means real property not owned by the federal government or the state of Idaho or any of its political subdivisions, but is available for vehicular traffic or parking by the general public with the permission of the owner or agent of the real property.
(19) "Private road" means every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.
(20) "Proof of financial responsibility" means proof of ability to respond in damages for liability, on account of accidents occurring subsequent to the effective date of the proof, arising out of the ownership, maintenance or use of a motor vehicle, in the amount of twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) because of bodily injury to or death of one (1) person in any one (1) accident and, subject to the limit for one (1) person, in the amount of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) because of bodily injury to or death of two (2) or more persons in any one (1) accident, and in the amount of fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000) because of injury to or destruction of property of others in any one (1) accident.
(21) "Proper authority" means a public highway agency.
(22) "Public highway agency" means the state transportation department, any city, county, highway district or any other state agency that has jurisdiction over public highway systems and public rights-of-way.
(23) "Public right-of-way" means a right-of-way open to the public and under the jurisdiction of a public highway agency, where the public highway agency has no obligation to construct or maintain said right-of-way for vehicular traffic.
(24) "Public road jurisdiction" means a public highway agency.
(25) "Purchase." (See "sell," "sold," and "buy," section 49-120, Idaho Code)

[49-117, added 1988, ch. 265, sec. 2, p. 562; am. 1991, ch. 272, sec. 4, p. 691; am. 1992, ch. 35, sec. 1, p. 100; am. 1994, ch. 264, sec. 2, p. 815; am. 1994, ch. 321, sec. 2, p. 1026; am. 1995, ch. 122, sec. 1, p. 526; am. 1997, ch. 80, sec. 6, p. 179; am. 1998, ch. 392, sec. 4, p. 1202; am. 2001, ch. 332, sec. 1, p. 1166; am. 2002, ch. 160, sec. 2, p. 467; am. 2011, ch. 71, sec. 1, p. 149; am. 2017, ch. 134, sec. 4, p. 313; am. 2017, ch. 147, sec. 1, p. 357; am. 2019, ch. 161, sec. 8, p. 535; am. 2020, ch. 250, sec. 1, p. 732; am. 2022, ch. 98, sec. 2, p. 340.]

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