PUBLIC TRUST DOCTRINE
58-1203. Limitations to the application of the public trust doctrine. (1) The public trust doctrine as it is applied in the state of Idaho is solely a limitation on the power of the state to alienate or encumber the title to the beds of navigable waters as defined in this chapter. The state board of land commissioners may approve, modify or reject all activities involving the alienation or encumbrance of the beds of navigable waters in accordance with the public trust doctrine.
(2) The public trust doctrine shall not be applied to any purpose other than as provided in this chapter. Specifically, but without limitation, the public trust doctrine shall not apply to:
(a) The management or disposition of lands held for the benefit of the endowed institutions as set forth in article IX of the constitution of the state of Idaho;
(b) The appropriation or use of water, or the granting, transfer, administration, or adjudication of water or water rights as provided for in article XV of the constitution of the state of Idaho and title 42, Idaho Code, or any other procedure or law applicable to water rights in the state of Idaho; or
(c) The protection or exercise of private property rights within the state of Idaho.
(3) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as a limitation on the power of the state to authorize public or private use, encumbrance or alienation of the title to the beds of navigable waters held in public trust pursuant to this chapter for such purposes as navigation, commerce, recreation, agriculture, mining, forestry, or other uses, if, in the judgment of the state board of land commissioners, the grant for such use is made in accordance with the statutes and constitution of the state of Idaho.
(4) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as repealing, limiting, or otherwise altering any statutory or constitutional provision of the state of Idaho including, but not limited to: title 42, Idaho Code, concerning the appropriation, transfer and use of the waters of Idaho; title 36, Idaho Code, concerning the regulation and management of fish and game and the right of public access on navigable waters; title 58, Idaho Code, relating to state lands and navigational encroachments; or chapter 43, title 67, Idaho Code, concerning the appropriation of waters in trust by the state of Idaho.
[58-1203, added 1996, ch. 342, sec. 1, p. 1148.]